Previous echocardiographic studies suggest that diastolic motion of the ventricular septum reflects relative filling of the right and left ventricles. We studied 31 patients with atrial septal defect by M-mode echocardiography. Early diastolic posterior ventricular septal motion (DPSM) occurred in all patients. Measurement of DPSM correlated with pulmonary to systemic flow ratios (Qp:Qs) (r = 0.64, p < 0.001). All 15 patients with DPSM > 5 mm had a Qp:Qs > 2.5:1, whereas only 8 of 16 patients with DPSM < 5 mm had a shunt this large (p < 0.003). DPSM > 5 mm in patients with atrial septal defect is a specific but not sensitive echocardiographic sign of a large left-to-right shunt. Our findings substantiate the hypothesis that diastolic motion of the ventricular septum reflects relative filling of the ventricles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine