Dietary behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, Marion county, Indiana, 2005

Karl W. Staser, Terrell W. Zollinger, Robert M. Saywell, Srujana Kunapareddy, P. Joseph Gibson, Virginia A. Caine

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Scopus citations


    Introduction Eating inadequate amounts of fruits and vegetables is associated with diminished health, and most Americans fall short of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendation to eat at least 2 servings of fruit and 3 servings of vegetables each day. This study assessed behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption in adults. Methods A cross-sectional, random-digit-dialed telephone survey of 4,784 adults living in Marion County (Indianapolis), Indiana, measured demographic characteristics, personal health data, food consumption, food label use, and other eating habits. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to assess the association between selected dietary behaviors and fruit and vegetable consumption, controlling for demographic characteristics. Results Behaviors associated with adequate versus inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables were frequent snacking on healthy foods (odds ratio [OR], 2.54), eating meals at home (OR, 2.09), using nutrition labels when making purchases (OR, 1.52), and using "heart healthy" symbols and other food information labels when ordering from restaurants (OR, 1.41). Frequent red meat consumption was negatively associated with adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (OR, 0.64). Conclusions Healthful snacking, food label use, and eating meals prepared at home may improve dietary quality. Our measure of adequacy may also be useful in future studies assessing dietary behavior and diet composition.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberA66
    JournalPreventing Chronic Disease
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - May 1 2011


    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Policy
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Staser, K. W., Zollinger, T. W., Saywell, R. M., Kunapareddy, S., Gibson, P. J., & Caine, V. A. (2011). Dietary behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, Marion county, Indiana, 2005. Preventing Chronic Disease, 8(3), [A66].