Dietary fiber intake and dental health status in urban, urban-marginal, and rural communities in central Mexico

S. Aída Borges-Yañez, G. Maupomé, M. Martinez-Gonzalez, L. Cervantes-Turrubiates, L. M. Gutiérrez-Robledo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Oral health status in older people is frequently poor which can contribute to inadequate dietary patterns and nutrition status. Objective. To investigate whether an association between the number of teeth present and dietary fiber intake exists in elderly people living independently, across different geographic and socioeconomic locations. Methods. A cross-sectional household survey was undertaken in three Mexican communities (urban, marginal urban, and rural), incorporating geographic and socio-demographic information and a 24-hour diet recall. Dental status (teeth present, coronal and root caries, and periodontal status) was determined by clinical examination. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's χ2 and Tukey's range tests. Results. 407 persons 60 years old and over participated in the study. Subjects in the rural community had better dental/periodontal status and more teeth present than urban and marginal-urban participants. Intake of fiber was 8.4 g/day for the urban, 7.6 g/day for the marginal-urban, and 13.5 g/day for the rural community. While gender had no detectable effect, the location of residence and the number of teeth present were associated with mean fiber intake; having more than 21 teeth and/or living in a rural location were associated with increased mean fiber intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-339
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
Volume8
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dental health
  • Dietary fiber
  • Elderly
  • Mexico
  • Nutrition
  • Teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Borges-Yañez, S. A., Maupomé, G., Martinez-Gonzalez, M., Cervantes-Turrubiates, L., & Gutiérrez-Robledo, L. M. (2004). Dietary fiber intake and dental health status in urban, urban-marginal, and rural communities in central Mexico. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 8(5), 333-339.