Differences in altruistic roles and HIV risk perception among staff, peer educators, and students in an adolescent peer education program

Mary Ott, Nancy L. Evans, Bonnie L. Halpern-Felsher, Stephen L. Eyre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This qualitative study examines how adolescent peer educators understand and communicate HIV prevention messages. Semistructured ethnographic interviews were conducted with 21 program participants, including staff, peer educators, and students. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using concept analysis, a method for identifying shared concepts among interview subjects. We found (a) similar beliefs about HIV transmission and risk reduction across groups; (b) different, but strong, altruistic roles among staff and peer educators; and (c) differences in HIV risk perception across the three groups. Altruistic roles took two forms. Staff acted as life skills mentors, whereas peer educators acted as HIV educators. Students were more passive, receiving counseling but not passing it on to others. Staff contextualized HIV risk, whereas peer educators and students emphasized risk. Although similar HIV knowledge across groups suggests program efficacy, stronger altruistic roles or contextualization of HIV risk may affect how prevention messages are delivered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-171
Number of pages13
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

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HIV
educator
Students
adolescent
staff
Education
education
student
Interviews
interview
Group
Mentors
Risk Reduction Behavior
counseling
Counseling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education

Cite this

Differences in altruistic roles and HIV risk perception among staff, peer educators, and students in an adolescent peer education program. / Ott, Mary; Evans, Nancy L.; Halpern-Felsher, Bonnie L.; Eyre, Stephen L.

In: AIDS Education and Prevention, Vol. 15, No. 2, 04.2003, p. 159-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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