Differential activation of the STAT pathway by angiotensin II via angiotensin type 1 and type 2 receptors in cultured human fetal mesangial cells

Frank A. Seebach, Thomas Welte, Xin Yuan Fu, Lutz Henning Block, Michael Kashgarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The vasoactive peptide angiotensin II is the principal effector of the renin-angiotensin system. It exerts mitogenic and growth-inhibiting effects in many target tissues, including renal mesangial cells. To investigate mechanisms of angiotensin II signaling in human mesangial cells, we explored the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway as a possible regulator of angiotensin II receptor-specific signaling, We tested whether angiotensin II could induce STAT activation and nuclear translocation of STAT proteins in human mesangial cells by electromobility shift assays and by immunostaining and confocal microscopy. We found that fetal human mesangial cells express STAT 1,2,3,5, and 6 and that stimulation of these cells by angiotensin II results in rapid induction of STAT1 and STAT5 DNA-binding activity. This DNA-binding activity was identified as STAT5 for angiotensin receptor type 1 activation and STAT1 for angiotensin receptor type 2-mediated activation, as induction of STAT-DNA binding by angiotensin II could be differentially blocked by the angiotensin receptor type 1 blocker losartan and by angiotensin II receptor type 2 blocker PD 123,319. Angiotensin II also induced STAT1 and STAT5 tyrosine phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of activated STATs in a receptor subtype-specific manner. STAT activation thus appears to provide an important signaling pathway for angiotensin II-induced cellular responses.

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Keywords

  • Activators of transcription
  • Angiotensin II
  • Angiotensin receptors
  • Hypertension
  • Signal transducers
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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