Differential effects of two hexahydropyrroloindole carbamate-based anticholinesterase drugs on the amyloid beta protein pathway involved in Alzheimer disease

Debomoy K. Lahiri, George M. Alley, David Tweedie, Demao Chen, Nigel H. Greig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the main hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the brain deposition of senile plaques made up of toxic amyloid Β-peptide (AΒ), which is derived from a larger protein called the Β-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Both APP processing and cholinesterase activity are affected in the AD brain, but, yet, cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI) remain the primary Food and Drug Administration approved drugs for AD within the United States. Herein, we evaluated the effects of two clinically relevant drugs on the APP pathway, which is presumably involved in AD pathogenesis. Specifically, we compared the actions of the classical ChEI physostigmine (PHY) and its analog phenserine (PHE) on neuronal cell viability, on IC50 and on levels of different amyloid proteins. Interestingly, these drugs share the same chemical backbone, inhibit acetylcholinesterase with similar potency, but differentially affect APP processing. PHE treatment decreased levels of APPin the human neuroblastoma cells (p ≤ 0.009) whereas PHYshowed a similar but less-pronounced trend, which did not attain statistical significance. PHE treatment significantly decreased levels of AΒ in human neuroblastoma cells (p ≤ 0.02) whereas PHY showed no significant change under the same conditions. The divergent actions of these two structurally related drugs on the amyloid pathway indicate that the mechanisms underpinning the cholinergic and the amyloid-lowering properties for this class of drugs are independent of each other.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-168
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroMolecular Medicine
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • β-protein
  • Acetylcholine
  • Aging
  • Anticholinesterase
  • Cell culture
  • CNS
  • Dementia
  • Drugs
  • ELISA
  • Neuron
  • Phenylcarbamate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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