Differential regulation of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor-1 mRNA and protein by two molecular forms of basic FGF: Modulation of FGFR-1 mRNA stability

Agnes Estival, Veronique Monzat, Karine Miquel, François Gaubert, Etienne Hollande, Murray Korc, Nicole Vaysse, François Clemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

To evaluate possible functional differences between basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 isoforms we analyzed the effects of the 18-kDa FGF-2 which mainly localizes in the cytosol and that of the nuclear-targeted 22.5-kDa form on FGF receptors (FGFR) expression. These peptides were expressed at low amounts through a retroviral-infection system. Point mutated FGF-2 cDNAs under the control of the β-actin promoter were used to infect a pancreatic cell line (AR4-2J) which does not produce FGF-2. Saturation and competition binding studies with 125I-FGF-2 revealed a 3-fold increase in both high and low affinity receptors in cells expressing the 22.5-kDa form and a 2-fold increase only in the high affinity receptors in cells producing the 18-kDa form. Kd values and molecular weights of the high affinity receptors were unaffected. Increasing cell densities or cell treatment with exogenous FGF-2 resulted in FGFR down-regulation as in control cells. Neutralizing antiFGF-2 antibodies and suramin did not affect receptor density in control and in cells producing the 22.5-kDa form but further increased by 60 and 80%, respectively, the receptor level in cells synthesizing the 18-kDa form. These data suggest the involvement of the intracellular stored FGF-2 in FGFR up-regulation. Although all cells expressed FGFR-1, -2, and -3 mRNA only the FGFR-1 transcript was found increased, 6-fold in 22.5-kDa expressing cells and 3-fold in cell producing the shortest secreted isoform. The increase in FGFR-1 mRNA levels in the 22.5-kDa expressing cells was due to enhanced stability of the transcript. Confocal microscopy detected the presence of FGFR-1 at the cell surface whereas secretory isoforms of the receptor were not observed. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction did not reveal significant differences in the expression of FGFR-1 variants. In the 22.5-kDa expressing cells exogenous FGF-2 evoked a stronger translocation of the calcium-phospholipid-dependent PEC. These results indicate that the transfected FGF-2 isoforms up-regulated FGFR-1 mRNA and protein. The 22.5-kDa form acted by increasing FGFR-1 mRNA stability enhancing cell responses to exogenous FGF-2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5663-5670
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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