Discriminant properties of commonly used quality of life measures in heart failure

Susan J. Bennett, Neil B. Oldridge, George J. Eckert, Jennifer L. Embree, Sherry Browning, Nan Hou, Melissa Deer, Michael D. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments have been used to measure HRQL in heart failure patients, but how different instruments compare in the same groups of patients is not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and validity of three HRQL measures in 211 heart failure patients recruited from clinics affiliated with an urban hospital. Two disease-specific instruments, the chronic heart failure questionnaire (CHQ) and the living with heart failure questionnaire (LHFQ), and one generic instrument, the short-form 12 (SF-12), were administered. Patients reported moderate to low HRQL scores. Floor or ceiling effects were noted in the disease-specific instruments. Internal consistency reliabilities of the CHQ and LHFQ were satisfactory. Construct, convergent, and discriminant validity were supported for each instrument. Each scale and subscale, except for the SF-12 mental component scale, differentiated between patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I, II, and III plus IV; the LHFQ physical subscale was the only measure to differentiate between patients with NYHA class III and IV. All three instruments were satisfactory for measuring HRQL, but the disease-specific instruments were preferable to the generic instrument. The decision of which instrument to use depends on the purpose of the study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-359
Number of pages11
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

Heart Failure
Quality of Life
Urban Hospitals
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Health-related quality of life
  • Heart failure
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Discriminant properties of commonly used quality of life measures in heart failure. / Bennett, Susan J.; Oldridge, Neil B.; Eckert, George J.; Embree, Jennifer L.; Browning, Sherry; Hou, Nan; Deer, Melissa; Murray, Michael D.

In: Quality of Life Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.01.2002, p. 349-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bennett, Susan J. ; Oldridge, Neil B. ; Eckert, George J. ; Embree, Jennifer L. ; Browning, Sherry ; Hou, Nan ; Deer, Melissa ; Murray, Michael D. / Discriminant properties of commonly used quality of life measures in heart failure. In: Quality of Life Research. 2002 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 349-359.
@article{5cfaf712e1e94709860775b31a80cfa0,
title = "Discriminant properties of commonly used quality of life measures in heart failure",
abstract = "Health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments have been used to measure HRQL in heart failure patients, but how different instruments compare in the same groups of patients is not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and validity of three HRQL measures in 211 heart failure patients recruited from clinics affiliated with an urban hospital. Two disease-specific instruments, the chronic heart failure questionnaire (CHQ) and the living with heart failure questionnaire (LHFQ), and one generic instrument, the short-form 12 (SF-12), were administered. Patients reported moderate to low HRQL scores. Floor or ceiling effects were noted in the disease-specific instruments. Internal consistency reliabilities of the CHQ and LHFQ were satisfactory. Construct, convergent, and discriminant validity were supported for each instrument. Each scale and subscale, except for the SF-12 mental component scale, differentiated between patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I, II, and III plus IV; the LHFQ physical subscale was the only measure to differentiate between patients with NYHA class III and IV. All three instruments were satisfactory for measuring HRQL, but the disease-specific instruments were preferable to the generic instrument. The decision of which instrument to use depends on the purpose of the study.",
keywords = "Health-related quality of life, Heart failure, Quality of life",
author = "Bennett, {Susan J.} and Oldridge, {Neil B.} and Eckert, {George J.} and Embree, {Jennifer L.} and Sherry Browning and Nan Hou and Melissa Deer and Murray, {Michael D.}",
year = "2002",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1023/A:1015547713061",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "349--359",
journal = "Quality of Life Research",
issn = "0962-9343",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Discriminant properties of commonly used quality of life measures in heart failure

AU - Bennett, Susan J.

AU - Oldridge, Neil B.

AU - Eckert, George J.

AU - Embree, Jennifer L.

AU - Browning, Sherry

AU - Hou, Nan

AU - Deer, Melissa

AU - Murray, Michael D.

PY - 2002/1/1

Y1 - 2002/1/1

N2 - Health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments have been used to measure HRQL in heart failure patients, but how different instruments compare in the same groups of patients is not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and validity of three HRQL measures in 211 heart failure patients recruited from clinics affiliated with an urban hospital. Two disease-specific instruments, the chronic heart failure questionnaire (CHQ) and the living with heart failure questionnaire (LHFQ), and one generic instrument, the short-form 12 (SF-12), were administered. Patients reported moderate to low HRQL scores. Floor or ceiling effects were noted in the disease-specific instruments. Internal consistency reliabilities of the CHQ and LHFQ were satisfactory. Construct, convergent, and discriminant validity were supported for each instrument. Each scale and subscale, except for the SF-12 mental component scale, differentiated between patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I, II, and III plus IV; the LHFQ physical subscale was the only measure to differentiate between patients with NYHA class III and IV. All three instruments were satisfactory for measuring HRQL, but the disease-specific instruments were preferable to the generic instrument. The decision of which instrument to use depends on the purpose of the study.

AB - Health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments have been used to measure HRQL in heart failure patients, but how different instruments compare in the same groups of patients is not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and validity of three HRQL measures in 211 heart failure patients recruited from clinics affiliated with an urban hospital. Two disease-specific instruments, the chronic heart failure questionnaire (CHQ) and the living with heart failure questionnaire (LHFQ), and one generic instrument, the short-form 12 (SF-12), were administered. Patients reported moderate to low HRQL scores. Floor or ceiling effects were noted in the disease-specific instruments. Internal consistency reliabilities of the CHQ and LHFQ were satisfactory. Construct, convergent, and discriminant validity were supported for each instrument. Each scale and subscale, except for the SF-12 mental component scale, differentiated between patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I, II, and III plus IV; the LHFQ physical subscale was the only measure to differentiate between patients with NYHA class III and IV. All three instruments were satisfactory for measuring HRQL, but the disease-specific instruments were preferable to the generic instrument. The decision of which instrument to use depends on the purpose of the study.

KW - Health-related quality of life

KW - Heart failure

KW - Quality of life

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036266510&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036266510&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1015547713061

DO - 10.1023/A:1015547713061

M3 - Article

C2 - 12086120

AN - SCOPUS:0036266510

VL - 11

SP - 349

EP - 359

JO - Quality of Life Research

JF - Quality of Life Research

SN - 0962-9343

IS - 4

ER -