To examine the temporal relationship between pre- and post-docking events, we generated a Munc18c temperature-sensitive mutant (Munc18c/TS) by substitution of arginine 240 with a lysine residue. At the permissive temperature (23°C), overexpression of both the wild type (Munc18c/WT) and the R240K mutant inhibited insulin-stimulated GLUT4/IRAP vesicle translocation. However, at the non-permissive temperature (37°C) only Munc18c/WT inhibited GLUT4/IRAP translocation whereas Munc18c/TS was without effect. Moreover, Munc18c/WT bound to syntaxin 4 at both 23 and 37°C whereas Munc18c/TS bound syntaxin 4 only at 23°C. This was due to a temperature-dependent conformational change in Munc18c/TS, as its ability to bind syntaxin 4 and effects on GLUT4 translocation were rapidly reversible while protein expression levels remained unchanged. Furthermore, insulin stimulation of Munc18c/TS-expressing cells at 23°C followed by temperature shift to 37°C resulted in an increased rate of GLUT4 translocation compared with cells stimulated at 37°C. To date, this is the first demonstration that the rate-limiting step for insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation is the trafficking of GLUT4 vesicles and not their fusion with the plasma membrane.
- Glucose transporter
- Vesicle trafficking
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)