Disorders of puberty: Inactivating and activating molecular mutations

L. A. DiMeglio, O. H. Pescovitz

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Abstract

Recent developments have increased our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for several disorders of puberty. Specific gene mutations have been identified in three syndromes, one that is associated with delayed puberty (Kallmann syndrome) and two that are associated with precocious puberty (McCune-Albright syndrome and familial male precocious puberty). Mutations in the KAL gene have been shown to he responsible for cases of X-linked Kallmann syndrome. This gene encodes a protein that is believed to be involved in neural target recognition and protease inhibition. In McCune-Albright syndrome, heterozygous, postzygotic somatic mutations of the α-subunit of the stimulatory guanine nucleotide binding protein G(s) have been shown to stimulate constitutive G protein activation and long-term cyclic adenosine monophosphate production. Similarly, familial male precocious puberty has been linked to gain-in- function mutations that result in increased levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate; however, these mutations are found in the luteinizing hormone receptor gene itself. The clinical manifestations and the recent molecular advances in each of these three syndromes are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S8-S12
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume131
Issue number1 II SUPPL.
StatePublished - Dec 8 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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