Distribution of Fos labeling in the inferior olive following transient blockade of the VIIIth cranial nerve

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The sodium channel blocker, tetrodotoxin (TTX), is an effective tool for blockade of action potentials in neurons. Unilateral transtympanic administration of 3 mM TTX produced behavioral symptoms paralleling those previously reported following unilateral vestibular ablation. Behavioral symptoms were evident as early as 15 min post-TTX. Fos immunocytochemistry revealed an initial bilateral distribution of Fos in the inferior olive (IO) followed by an almost exclusively unilateral distribution of Fos. By 1 h, Fos was predominantly localized in subdivisions of the IO contralateral to TTX treatment. Fos labeling in the IO was most pronounced at 2- and 6-h survival times and was localized in the contralateral IOA, IOB, IOC, IOBe, and IOK subdivisions and bilaterally in the IOM and IODM. Other regions of the brainstem including the vestibular nuclei, prepositus hypoglossi, dorsal paragigantocellular reticular nucleus, nucleus of the tractus solitarius and locus coeruleus also exhibited altered patterns of Fos labeling following TTX. The finding that Fos activity in the IO is initially bilateral and then rapidly becomes unilateral has not been reported for the traditional vestibular ablation models and may be unique to the TTX model. In addition, since altered Fos activity is readily detected in the IO at time-points prior to detectable changes in Fos in the central vestibular complex it is possible that the IO is particularly sensitive to events precipitated by unilateral vestibular disturbance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-149
Number of pages16
JournalBrain research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 14 2003


  • c-fos
  • Inferior olive
  • Inner ear
  • Labyrinthectomy
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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