The inverse correlation between DNA methylation and lineage-specific gene expression during T helper cell development is well documented. However, the specific functions of the de novo methyltransferases Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b in cytokine gene regulation have not been defined. We demonstrate that the expression of Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b are induced to a greater extent in T helper 2 (Th2) cells than in T helper 1 cells during polarization. Using conditional mutant mice, we determined that Dnmt3a, but not Dnmt3b, regulated expression of T helper cell cytokine genes, with the Il13 gene most prominently affected. Dnmt3a deficiency was accompanied by decreases in DNA methylation and changes in the H3K27 acetylation/methylation status at the Il13 locus. Dnmt3a-dependent regulation of Il13 also occurred in vivo because Dnmt3afl/flCd4cre mice exhibited increased lung inflammation in a murine asthma model, compared with littermate controls. Based on these observations, we conclude that Dnmt3a is required for controlling normal Il13 gene expression and functions as a ratelimiting factor to restrict T helper 2-mediated inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 10 2012|
- De novo DNA methyltransferase
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