Doc2b enrichment enhances glucose homeostasis in mice via potentiation of insulin secretion and peripheral insulin sensitivity

Latha Ramalingam, Eunjin Oh, Debbie C. Thurmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: Insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake into skeletal muscle are processes regulated by similar isoforms of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor-attachment protein receptor (SNARE) and mammalian homologue of unc-18 (Munc18) protein families. Double C2 domain β (Doc2b), a SNARE- and Munc18-interacting protein, is implicated as a crucial effector of glycaemic control. However, whether Doc2b is naturally limiting for these processes, and whether Doc2b enrichment might exert a beneficial effect upon glycaemia in vivo, remains undetermined. Methods: Tetracycline-repressible transgenic (Tg) mice engineered to overexpress Doc2b simultaneously in the pancreas, skeletal muscle and adipose tissues were compared with wild-type (Wt) littermate mice regarding glucose and insulin tolerance, islet function in vivo and ex vivo, and skeletal muscle GLUT4 accumulation in transverse tubule/sarcolemmal surface membranes. SNARE complex formation was further assessed using Doc2b overexpressing L6-GLUT4-myc myoblasts to derive mechanisms relatable to physiological in vivo analyses. Results: Doc2b Tg mice cleared glucose substantially faster than Wt mice, correlated with enhancements in both phases of insulin secretion and peripheral insulin sensitivity. Heightened peripheral insulin sensitivity correlated with elevated insulin-stimulated GLUT4 vesicle accumulation in cell surface membranes of Doc2b Tg mouse skeletal muscle. Mechanistic studies demonstrated Doc2b enrichment to enhance syntaxin-4-SNARE complex formation in skeletal muscle cells. Conclusions/interpretation: Doc2b is a limiting factor in SNARE exocytosis events pertinent to glycaemic regulation in vivo. Doc2b enrichment may provide a novel means to simultaneously boost islet and skeletal muscle function in vivo in the treatment and/or prevention of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1476-1484
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetologia
Volume57
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Doc2b
  • GLUT4 translocation
  • Insulin secretion
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Islet
  • Munc18c
  • Skeletal muscle
  • SNARE protein
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Medicine(all)

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