"Doctor, what would you do?": Physicians' responses to patient inquiries about periviable delivery

Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds, Fatima McKenzie, Janet E. Panoch, Lucia D. Wocial, Amber E. Barnato, Richard M. Frankel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To qualitatively assess obstetricians' and neonatologists' responses to standardized patients (SPs) asking "What would you do?" during periviable counseling encounters. Methods: An exploratory single-center simulation study. SPs, portraying a pregnant woman presenting with ruptured membranes at 23 weeks, were instructed to ask, "What would you do?" if presented options regarding delivery management or resuscitation. Responses were independently reviewed and classified. Results: We identified five response patterns: 'Disclose' (9/28), 'Don't Know' (11/28), 'Deflect' (23/28), 'Decline' (2/28), and 'Ignore' (2/28). Most physicians utilized more than one response pattern (22/28). Physicians 'deflected' the question by: restating or offering additional medical information; answering with a question; evoking a hypothetical patient; or redirecting the SP to other sources of support. When compared with neonatologists, obstetricians (40% vs. 15%) made personal or professional disclosures more often. Though both specialties readily acknowledged the importance of values in making a decision, only one physician attempted to elicit the patient's values. Conclusion: "What would you do?" represented a missed opportunity for values elicitation. Interventions are needed to facilitate values elicitation and shared decision-making in periviable care. Practice implications: If physicians fail to address patients' values and goals, they lack the information needed to develop patient-centered plans of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Doctor-patient communication
  • Neonatal resuscitation
  • Periviability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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