Does ischial screw fixation improve mechanical stability in revision total hip arthroplasty?

R. Michael Meneghini, Allison D. Stultz, Jill S. Watson, Mary Ziemba-Davis, Christine A. Buckley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischial screw fixation, albeit technically challenging, is postulated to provide additional mechanical stability in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Hemipelvis specimens were prepared to simulate revision THA, and an acetabular component with supplemental screw fixation was implanted. Three configurations were tested: 2 dome screws alone, 2 dome screws plus an additional screw within the dome, and 2 dome screws plus an ischial screw. Force displacement data were acquired during mechanical testing. An increase in mechanical stability was observed in acetabular components with supplemental screw fixation into either the posterior column or ischium (P ≤ .031) compared to isolated dome fixation. In addition, supplemental ischial screw fixation may provide a modest advantage over a screw placed posteroinferiorly within the acetabular dome during revision THA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1157-1161
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetabulum
  • Revision hip arthroplasty
  • Screw fixation
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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