Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review

I. Chan Huang, Joy Lee, Pavinarmatha Ketheeswaran, Conor M. Jones, Dennis A. Revicki, Albert W. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly measured as an outcome for clinical and health services research. However, relatively little is known about how non-health factors affect HRQOL. Personality is a potentially important factor, yet evidence regarding the effects of personality on HRQOL measures is unclear. Methods This systematic review examined the relationships among aspects of personality and HRQOL. Eligible studies were identified from Medline and PsycINFO. The review included 76 English-language studies with HRQOL as a primary outcome and that assessed personality from the psychological perspective. Individuals with various health states, including ill (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disorders), aging, and healthy, were included in this review study. Results Some personality characteristics were consistently related to psychosocial aspects more often than physical aspects of HRQOL. Personality characteristics, especially neuroticism, mastery, optimism, and sense of coherence were most likely to be associated with psychosocial HRQOL. Personality explained varying proportions of variance in different domains of HRQOL. The range of variance explained in psychosocial HRQOL was 0 to 45% and the range of explained variance in physical HRQOL was 0 to 39%. Conclusions Personality characteristics are related to HRQOL. Systematic collection and analysis of personality data alongside HRQOL measures may be helpful in medical research, clinical practice, and health policy evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0173806
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

systematic review
quality of life
Personality
Quality of Life
Health
Sense of Coherence
policy analysis
health policy
Health Services Research
biomedical research
Health Policy
health services
cardiovascular diseases
Biomedical Research
Language
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Huang, I. C., Lee, J., Ketheeswaran, P., Jones, C. M., Revicki, D. A., & Wu, A. W. (2017). Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review. PLoS One, 12(3), [0173806]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0173806

Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review. / Huang, I. Chan; Lee, Joy; Ketheeswaran, Pavinarmatha; Jones, Conor M.; Revicki, Dennis A.; Wu, Albert W.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 3, 0173806, 01.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, IC, Lee, J, Ketheeswaran, P, Jones, CM, Revicki, DA & Wu, AW 2017, 'Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review', PLoS One, vol. 12, no. 3, 0173806. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0173806
Huang, I. Chan ; Lee, Joy ; Ketheeswaran, Pavinarmatha ; Jones, Conor M. ; Revicki, Dennis A. ; Wu, Albert W. / Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review. In: PLoS One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 3.
@article{8a6b5363de06483b8186d8d0b2ad406d,
title = "Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review",
abstract = "Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly measured as an outcome for clinical and health services research. However, relatively little is known about how non-health factors affect HRQOL. Personality is a potentially important factor, yet evidence regarding the effects of personality on HRQOL measures is unclear. Methods This systematic review examined the relationships among aspects of personality and HRQOL. Eligible studies were identified from Medline and PsycINFO. The review included 76 English-language studies with HRQOL as a primary outcome and that assessed personality from the psychological perspective. Individuals with various health states, including ill (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disorders), aging, and healthy, were included in this review study. Results Some personality characteristics were consistently related to psychosocial aspects more often than physical aspects of HRQOL. Personality characteristics, especially neuroticism, mastery, optimism, and sense of coherence were most likely to be associated with psychosocial HRQOL. Personality explained varying proportions of variance in different domains of HRQOL. The range of variance explained in psychosocial HRQOL was 0 to 45{\%} and the range of explained variance in physical HRQOL was 0 to 39{\%}. Conclusions Personality characteristics are related to HRQOL. Systematic collection and analysis of personality data alongside HRQOL measures may be helpful in medical research, clinical practice, and health policy evaluation.",
author = "Huang, {I. Chan} and Joy Lee and Pavinarmatha Ketheeswaran and Jones, {Conor M.} and Revicki, {Dennis A.} and Wu, {Albert W.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0173806",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does personality affect health-related quality of life? A systematic review

AU - Huang, I. Chan

AU - Lee, Joy

AU - Ketheeswaran, Pavinarmatha

AU - Jones, Conor M.

AU - Revicki, Dennis A.

AU - Wu, Albert W.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly measured as an outcome for clinical and health services research. However, relatively little is known about how non-health factors affect HRQOL. Personality is a potentially important factor, yet evidence regarding the effects of personality on HRQOL measures is unclear. Methods This systematic review examined the relationships among aspects of personality and HRQOL. Eligible studies were identified from Medline and PsycINFO. The review included 76 English-language studies with HRQOL as a primary outcome and that assessed personality from the psychological perspective. Individuals with various health states, including ill (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disorders), aging, and healthy, were included in this review study. Results Some personality characteristics were consistently related to psychosocial aspects more often than physical aspects of HRQOL. Personality characteristics, especially neuroticism, mastery, optimism, and sense of coherence were most likely to be associated with psychosocial HRQOL. Personality explained varying proportions of variance in different domains of HRQOL. The range of variance explained in psychosocial HRQOL was 0 to 45% and the range of explained variance in physical HRQOL was 0 to 39%. Conclusions Personality characteristics are related to HRQOL. Systematic collection and analysis of personality data alongside HRQOL measures may be helpful in medical research, clinical practice, and health policy evaluation.

AB - Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly measured as an outcome for clinical and health services research. However, relatively little is known about how non-health factors affect HRQOL. Personality is a potentially important factor, yet evidence regarding the effects of personality on HRQOL measures is unclear. Methods This systematic review examined the relationships among aspects of personality and HRQOL. Eligible studies were identified from Medline and PsycINFO. The review included 76 English-language studies with HRQOL as a primary outcome and that assessed personality from the psychological perspective. Individuals with various health states, including ill (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disorders), aging, and healthy, were included in this review study. Results Some personality characteristics were consistently related to psychosocial aspects more often than physical aspects of HRQOL. Personality characteristics, especially neuroticism, mastery, optimism, and sense of coherence were most likely to be associated with psychosocial HRQOL. Personality explained varying proportions of variance in different domains of HRQOL. The range of variance explained in psychosocial HRQOL was 0 to 45% and the range of explained variance in physical HRQOL was 0 to 39%. Conclusions Personality characteristics are related to HRQOL. Systematic collection and analysis of personality data alongside HRQOL measures may be helpful in medical research, clinical practice, and health policy evaluation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016302848&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016302848&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0173806

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0173806

M3 - Article

C2 - 28355244

AN - SCOPUS:85016302848

VL - 12

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 3

M1 - 0173806

ER -