Dogs are man's best friend: In sickness and in health

R. Timothy Bentley, Atique U. Ahmed, Amy B. Yanke, Aaron Cohen-Gadol, Mahua Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the median survival of 14.6 months following best available standard of care, malignant gliomas (MGs) remain one of the biggest therapeutic challenges of the modern time. Although the last several decades have witnessed tremendous advancement in our understanding of MG and evolution of many successful preclinical therapeutic strategies, even the most successful preclinical therapeutic strategies often fail to cross the phase I/II clinical trial threshold. One of the significant, but less commonly discussed, barriers in developing effective glioma therapy is the lack of a robust preclinical model. For the last 30 years, rodent orthotopic xenograft models have been extensively used in the preclinical setting. Although they provide a good basic model for understanding tumor biology, their value in successfully translating preclinical therapeutic triumph into clinical success is extremely poor. Companion dogs, which share the same environmental stress as their human counterparts, also spontaneously develop MGs. Dog gliomas that develop spontaneously in an immunocompetent host are very similar to human gliomas and potentially provide a stronger platform for validating the efficacy of therapeutic strategies proven successful in preclinical mouse models. Integrating this model can accelerate development of effective therapeutic options that will benefit both human subjects and pet dogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-322
Number of pages11
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Canine glioma
  • Comparative oncology
  • Glioblastoma
  • Malignant glioma spontaneous glioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Bentley, R. T., Ahmed, A. U., Yanke, A. B., Cohen-Gadol, A., & Dey, M. (2017). Dogs are man's best friend: In sickness and in health. Neuro-Oncology, 19(3), 312-322. https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/now109