Dorsomedial hypothalamus mediates autonomic, neuroendocrine, and locomotor responses evoked from the medial preoptic area

Joseph L. Hunt, Dmitry Zaretsky, Sumit Sarkar, Joseph A. DiMicco

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies suggest that sympathetic responses evoked from the preoptic area in anesthetized rats require activation of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus. Disinhibition of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus in conscious rats produces physiological and behavioral changes resembling those evoked by microinjection of muscimol, a GABAA receptor agonist and neuronal inhibitor, into the medial preoptic area. We tested the hypothesis that all of these effects evoked from the medial preoptic area are mediated through neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus by assessing the effect of bilateral microinjection of muscimol into the DMH on these changes. After injection of vehicle into the dorsomedial hypothalamus, injection of muscimol into the medial preoptic area elicited marked increases in heart rate, arterial pressure, body temperature, plasma ACTH, and locomotor activity and also increased c-Fos expression in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, a region known to control the release of ACTH from the adenohypophysis. Prior bilateral microinjection of muscimol into the dorsomedial hypothalamus produced a modest depression of baseline heart rate and body temperature but completely abolished all changes evoked from the medial preoptic area. Microinjection of muscimol just anterior to the dorsomedial hypothalamus had no effect on autonomic and neuroendocrine changes evoked from the medial preoptic area. Thus, activity of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus mediates a diverse array of physiological and behavioral responses elicited from the medial preoptic area, suggesting that the latter region represents an important source of inhibitory tone to key neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume298
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Preoptic Area
Hypothalamus
Muscimol
Microinjections
Neurons
Body Temperature
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Heart Rate
Dimenhydrinate
GABA-A Receptor Agonists
Injections
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Locomotion
Arterial Pressure

Keywords

  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone
  • Body temperature
  • Heart rate
  • Paraventricular nucleus
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Previous studies suggest that sympathetic responses evoked from the preoptic area in anesthetized rats require activation of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus. Disinhibition of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus in conscious rats produces physiological and behavioral changes resembling those evoked by microinjection of muscimol, a GABAA receptor agonist and neuronal inhibitor, into the medial preoptic area. We tested the hypothesis that all of these effects evoked from the medial preoptic area are mediated through neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus by assessing the effect of bilateral microinjection of muscimol into the DMH on these changes. After injection of vehicle into the dorsomedial hypothalamus, injection of muscimol into the medial preoptic area elicited marked increases in heart rate, arterial pressure, body temperature, plasma ACTH, and locomotor activity and also increased c-Fos expression in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, a region known to control the release of ACTH from the adenohypophysis. Prior bilateral microinjection of muscimol into the dorsomedial hypothalamus produced a modest depression of baseline heart rate and body temperature but completely abolished all changes evoked from the medial preoptic area. Microinjection of muscimol just anterior to the dorsomedial hypothalamus had no effect on autonomic and neuroendocrine changes evoked from the medial preoptic area. Thus, activity of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus mediates a diverse array of physiological and behavioral responses elicited from the medial preoptic area, suggesting that the latter region represents an important source of inhibitory tone to key neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus.",
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AB - Previous studies suggest that sympathetic responses evoked from the preoptic area in anesthetized rats require activation of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus. Disinhibition of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus in conscious rats produces physiological and behavioral changes resembling those evoked by microinjection of muscimol, a GABAA receptor agonist and neuronal inhibitor, into the medial preoptic area. We tested the hypothesis that all of these effects evoked from the medial preoptic area are mediated through neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus by assessing the effect of bilateral microinjection of muscimol into the DMH on these changes. After injection of vehicle into the dorsomedial hypothalamus, injection of muscimol into the medial preoptic area elicited marked increases in heart rate, arterial pressure, body temperature, plasma ACTH, and locomotor activity and also increased c-Fos expression in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, a region known to control the release of ACTH from the adenohypophysis. Prior bilateral microinjection of muscimol into the dorsomedial hypothalamus produced a modest depression of baseline heart rate and body temperature but completely abolished all changes evoked from the medial preoptic area. Microinjection of muscimol just anterior to the dorsomedial hypothalamus had no effect on autonomic and neuroendocrine changes evoked from the medial preoptic area. Thus, activity of neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus mediates a diverse array of physiological and behavioral responses elicited from the medial preoptic area, suggesting that the latter region represents an important source of inhibitory tone to key neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus.

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