Doxycycline-loaded nanotube-modified adhesives inhibit MMP in a dose-dependent fashion

Jadesada Palasuk, L. Jack Windsor, Jeffrey A. Platt, Yuri Lvov, Saulo Geraldeli, Marco C. Bottino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This article evaluated the drug loading, release kinetics, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibition of doxycycline (DOX) released from DOX-loaded nanotube-modified adhesives. DOX was chosen as the model drug, since it is the only MMP inhibitor approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Materials and methods: Drug loading into the nanotubes was accomplished using DOX solution at distinct concentrations. Increased concentrations of DOX significantly improved the amount of loaded DOX. The modified adhesives were fabricated by incorporating DOX-loaded nanotubes into the adhesive resin of a commercial product. The degree of conversion (DC), Knoop microhardness, DOX release kinetics, antimicrobial, cytocompatibility, and anti-MMP activity of the modified adhesives were investigated. Results: Incorporation of DOX-loaded nanotubes did not compromise DC, Knoop microhardness, or cell compatibility. Higher concentrations of DOX led to an increase in DOX release in a concentration-dependent manner from the modified adhesives. DOX released from the modified adhesives did not inhibit the growth of caries-related bacteria, but more importantly, it did inhibit MMP-1 activity. Conclusions: The loading of DOX into the nanotube-modified adhesives did not compromise the physicochemical properties of the adhesives and the released levels of DOX were able to inhibit MMP activity without cytotoxicity. Clinical significance: Doxycycline released from the nanotube-modified adhesives inhibited MMP activity in a concentration-dependent fashion. Therefore, the proposed nanotube-modified adhesive may hold clinical potential as a strategy to preserve resin/dentin bond stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1243-1252
Number of pages10
JournalClinical oral investigations
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Dental adhesive
  • Doxycycline
  • Halloysite®
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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