Dual role for the latent transforming growth factor-β binding protein in storage of latent TGF-β in the extracellular matrix and as a structural matrix protein

Sarah L. Dallas, Kohei Miyazono, Timothy M. Skerry, Gregory R. Mundy, Lynda F. Bonewald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

215 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of the latent TGF-β binding protein (LTBP) is unclear. In cultures of fetal rat calvarial cells, which form mineralized bonelike nodules, both LTBP and the TGF-β1 precursor localized to large fibrillar structures in the extracellular matrix. The appearance of these fibrillar structures preceded the appearance of type I collagen fibers. Plasmin treatment abolished the fibrillar staining pattern for LTBP and released a complex containing both LTBP and TGF-β. Antibodies and antisense oligonucleotides against LTBP inhibited the formation of mineralized bonelike nodules in long-term fetal rat calvarial cultures. Immunohistochemistry of fetal and adult rat bone confirmed a fibrillar staining pattern for LTBP in vivo. These findings, together with the known homology of LTBP to the fibrillin family of proteins, suggest a novel function for LTBP, in addition to its role in matrix storage of latent TGF-β, as a structural matrix protein that may play a role in bone formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-549
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume131
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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