Dynamic bone remodeling in Later Pleistocene fossil hominids

Stephen Abbott, Erik Trinkaus, David Burr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Histomorphometric analysis of femoral and tibial diaphyseal fragments from seven Late Archaic and three Early Modern humans are compared with those of the Pecos, a pre-Columbian Native American population. The ten samples, from Broken Hill (EM-793), Shanidar 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, Tabun 1, and Skhul 3, 6, and 7, provide age-at-death results consistent with earlier estimates for most individuals. The Pleistocene groups exhibit less bone turnover and smaller osteons than Recent populations. Resorption and formation were both coupled and balanced in these Pleistocene populations, but the overall vigor of individual cells from both the osteoclast and osteoblast cell lines was less than in Recent populations. Thus the greater bone mass in Later Pleistocene members of the genus Homo is not the result of higher levels of bone turnover, at least among adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-601
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1996

Fingerprint

Fossils
Bone Remodeling
Hominidae
fossils
bones
turnover
Population
Haversian System
osteoclasts
North American Indians
American Indians
osteoblasts
Homo
resorption
Osteoclasts
thighs
Thigh
Osteoblasts
vigor
cell lines

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Bone remodeling
  • Histomorphometry
  • Neandertal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Dynamic bone remodeling in Later Pleistocene fossil hominids. / Abbott, Stephen; Trinkaus, Erik; Burr, David.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 99, No. 4, 04.1996, p. 585-601.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbott, Stephen ; Trinkaus, Erik ; Burr, David. / Dynamic bone remodeling in Later Pleistocene fossil hominids. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1996 ; Vol. 99, No. 4. pp. 585-601.
@article{d88e918bb7184c10a5fd17a4bb98b498,
title = "Dynamic bone remodeling in Later Pleistocene fossil hominids",
abstract = "Histomorphometric analysis of femoral and tibial diaphyseal fragments from seven Late Archaic and three Early Modern humans are compared with those of the Pecos, a pre-Columbian Native American population. The ten samples, from Broken Hill (EM-793), Shanidar 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, Tabun 1, and Skhul 3, 6, and 7, provide age-at-death results consistent with earlier estimates for most individuals. The Pleistocene groups exhibit less bone turnover and smaller osteons than Recent populations. Resorption and formation were both coupled and balanced in these Pleistocene populations, but the overall vigor of individual cells from both the osteoclast and osteoblast cell lines was less than in Recent populations. Thus the greater bone mass in Later Pleistocene members of the genus Homo is not the result of higher levels of bone turnover, at least among adults.",
keywords = "Aging, Bone remodeling, Histomorphometry, Neandertal",
author = "Stephen Abbott and Erik Trinkaus and David Burr",
year = "1996",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199604)99:4<585::AID-AJPA5>3.0.CO;2-T",
language = "English",
volume = "99",
pages = "585--601",
journal = "American Journal of Physical Anthropology",
issn = "0002-9483",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic bone remodeling in Later Pleistocene fossil hominids

AU - Abbott, Stephen

AU - Trinkaus, Erik

AU - Burr, David

PY - 1996/4

Y1 - 1996/4

N2 - Histomorphometric analysis of femoral and tibial diaphyseal fragments from seven Late Archaic and three Early Modern humans are compared with those of the Pecos, a pre-Columbian Native American population. The ten samples, from Broken Hill (EM-793), Shanidar 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, Tabun 1, and Skhul 3, 6, and 7, provide age-at-death results consistent with earlier estimates for most individuals. The Pleistocene groups exhibit less bone turnover and smaller osteons than Recent populations. Resorption and formation were both coupled and balanced in these Pleistocene populations, but the overall vigor of individual cells from both the osteoclast and osteoblast cell lines was less than in Recent populations. Thus the greater bone mass in Later Pleistocene members of the genus Homo is not the result of higher levels of bone turnover, at least among adults.

AB - Histomorphometric analysis of femoral and tibial diaphyseal fragments from seven Late Archaic and three Early Modern humans are compared with those of the Pecos, a pre-Columbian Native American population. The ten samples, from Broken Hill (EM-793), Shanidar 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, Tabun 1, and Skhul 3, 6, and 7, provide age-at-death results consistent with earlier estimates for most individuals. The Pleistocene groups exhibit less bone turnover and smaller osteons than Recent populations. Resorption and formation were both coupled and balanced in these Pleistocene populations, but the overall vigor of individual cells from both the osteoclast and osteoblast cell lines was less than in Recent populations. Thus the greater bone mass in Later Pleistocene members of the genus Homo is not the result of higher levels of bone turnover, at least among adults.

KW - Aging

KW - Bone remodeling

KW - Histomorphometry

KW - Neandertal

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029939439&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029939439&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199604)99:4<585::AID-AJPA5>3.0.CO;2-T

DO - 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199604)99:4<585::AID-AJPA5>3.0.CO;2-T

M3 - Article

C2 - 8779340

AN - SCOPUS:0029939439

VL - 99

SP - 585

EP - 601

JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

SN - 0002-9483

IS - 4

ER -