Dynamic correlation of synchronized internal tumor and external skin respiratory motion for image guided lung cancer radiation treatment

Huanmei Wu, Abigail Besemer, Minghui Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Paired streaming time series data are acquired frequently in medical treatment. Discovering the correlation between the synchronously acquired streaming time series has great usage in health care. This study investigates the correlation between the 1D motion signal of the external skin surface marker and the 3D motion of the internally implanted fiducial marker, acquired simultaneously in image guided cancer radiation treatment (IGRT). Four correlation approaches have been studied: The linear correlation calculates internal position using a min max normalization. The static correlation accounts for any non-linear behavior by using a polynomial correlation based on pretreatment motion data. The dynamic correlation deals with changes in the breathing pattern over time and updates the correlation in an online fashion. The piecewise dynamic correlation disseminates the motion signal with breathing states and correlates the internal/external signal based on state specific motion characteristics. The resulting average RMS errors and standard deviations showed that, in general, internal/external correlation based on polynomial functions results in smaller RMS errors. The dynamic correlation approaches, especially with the piecewise dynamic correlation, outperformed the static correlation. Additionally, the correlation algorithm can generate satisfactory correlation results even when the internal imaging rate is reduced from 30 Hz to 2 Hz which would significantly reduce the patients' radiation dose. ISCA

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-23
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Computers and their Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014



  • Algorithm
  • Cancer radiation treatment
  • Correlation approaches
  • Dynamic adaptation
  • Medical application
  • Signal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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