Dyslipidemia is associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Yen Bin Liu, Chau Chung Wu, Chii Ming Lee, Wen Jone Chen, Tzung Dau Wang, Peng Sheng Chen, Yuan Teh Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ventricular tachyarrhythmia developing in the acute stage of myocardial infarction (MI) is an important cause of sudden cardiac death. The aim of this study was to determine whether dyslipidemia is associated with the occurrence of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) during the acute stage of ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI). Methods: A total of 58 patients experiencing VT/VF within 24 hours after the onset of MI were selected as the study group. A group of 58 patients with MI but without VT/VF was selected as the control group matched for sex (overall, 104 males), age (overall, 58 ± 10 years), and the use of thrombolytic therapy (n = 82). The lipid profiles including total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride were measured during the first week and at the third month after the index MI. Other coronary risk factors, and clinical, hemodynamic and angiographic characteristics were also included in the assessment. Results: During the acute stage, patients with VT/VF had higher levels of LDL-C and lower blood pressure on initial arrival at our hospital. At the 3-month follow-up, those patients with VT/VF showed higher levels of TC, LDL-C and triglyceride. Multivariate analysis revealed that LDL-C (p < 0.001) at the 3-month follow-up, mean blood pressure on arrival (p < 0.01), and the difference in triglyceride levels between the first week and the third month (p < 0.05) were independent predictors for the occurrence of VT/VF in the acute stage of MI. Conclusion: This study suggests that dyslipidemia imposes a higher risk of developing tachyarrhythmia in the acute phase of STEMI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Arrhythmia
  • Lipids
  • Nerve system
  • Ventricular tachyarrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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