As part of a multi-center study, 238 titanium stems that were proximally coated with hydroxyapatite were implanted in 220 patients between January 1988 and December 1989. Ninety-two of these stems in eighty-three patients had a minimum of two years of follow-up, including analysis of the clinical and radiographic data. Clinically, the patients were essentially pain-free before six months and had a low (4 per cent) prevalence of pain in the thigh and a very high composite Harris hip-score (mean, 95 points) at two years. Radiographically, subsidence was detected in 8 per cent of the implants; no implant had more than three millimeters of subsidence. Radiolucencies were characteristically seen around the uncoated distal part of the stem, in 70 per cent of the implants. Contrastingly, radiolucencies were rare in the hydroxyapatite-coated proximal zones and were most often found anteriorly, in only 5 per cent of the implants. Areas of increased formation of cancellous bone were seen beneath femoral cortical bone at the interface between the hydroxyapatite-coated and uncoated parts of the stem, in 67 per cent of the implants. Calcar resorption was found in 49 per cent of the implants. Cortical thickening was present in 17 per cent of the implants at the uncoated distal part of the stem. Two of the 238 femoral implants were revised: one because of infection and one because of aseptic loosening associated with non-union of a subtrochanteric osteotomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine