Early postimplant speech perception and language skills predict long-term language and neurocognitive outcomes following pediatric cochlear implantation

Cynthia R. Hunter, William G. Kronenberger, Irina Castellanos, David B. Pisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We sought to determine whether speech perception parent-reported executive functioning. Open-set word and language skills measured early after cochlear implantation recognition was correlated with early speech perception in children who are deaf, and early postimplant growth in and language skills and long-term speech perception and speech perception and language skills, predict long-term language outcomes. Hierarchical regressions showed that speech perception, language, and neurocognitive outcomes. early speech perception and language skills at 6 months Method: Thirty-six long-term users of cochlear implants, postimplantationandgrowthintheseskillsfrom6to18months implanted at an average age of 3.4 years, completed both accounted for substantial variance in long-term outcomes measures of speech perception, language, and executive for language and verbal working memory that was not functioning an average of 14.4 years postimplantation. explained by conventional demographic and hearing Speech perception and language skills measured in the factors. 1st and 2nd years postimplantation and open-set word Conclusion: Speech perception and language skills recognition measured in the 3rd and 4th years postimplantation measured very early postimplantation, and early postimplant were obtained from a research database in order to assess growth in speech perception and language, may be clinically predictive relations with long-term outcomes. relevant markers of long-term language and neurocognitive Results: Speech perception and language skills at 6 and outcomes in users of cochlear implants. 18 months postimplantation were correlated with long-term Supplemental materials: https://doi.org/10.23641/outcomes for language, verbal working memory, and asha.5216200

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2321-2336
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume60
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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