Background: Little is known about associations among echocardiographic variables, frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF), and progression from paroxysmal to persistent AF. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate echocardiographic predictors of frequency of paroxysmal AF and its progression to persistent AF in hypertensive patients with paroxysmal AF. Methods: We used data from 286 patients with paroxysmal AF and hypertension in the Japanese Rhythm Management Trial II for Atrial Fibrillation (J-RHYTHM II Study). Echocardiographic evaluation was performed at baseline. Endpoints were (1) percent of AF days measured daily by transtelephonic monitoring over 1 year and (2) development of persistent AF, defined as incidence of AF lasting for longer than 7 days and/or need for electrical cardioversion. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between echocardiographic variables and percent of AF days. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to examine the association between echocardiographic variables and development of persistent AF. Results: Among echocardiographic variables, increased left atrial dimension (LAD) was associated with more AF days and development of persistent AF: a 10-mm increase in LAD was associated with a 6.5% increase in AF days (95% confidence interval 2.7%10.3%) and an 84% increased risk of developing persistent AF (hazard ratio 1.84, 95% confidence interval 1.282.67). These associations remained significant after adjustment for age, sex, and other potential confounding factors. Conclusion: Increased LAD is associated with more AF days and progression from paroxysmal to persistent AF in patients with paroxysmal AF and hypertension. Increased LAD may be a good echocardiographic predictor of AF frequency and progression.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Left atrial dimension
- Transtelephonic electrocardiographic monitoring
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)