Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older

H. Islas-Granillo, S. A. Borges-Yañez, S. E. Lucas-Rincón, C. E. Medina-Solís, A. J. Casanova-Rosado, M. L. Márquez-Corona, G. Maupomé

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19 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of edentulism in Mexican elders aged 60 years and older, and the associated risk indicators. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 139 elders living in either of two long-term care (LTC) facilities, or attending an adult day center (ADC) in Pachuca, Mexico. A subject was edentulous when natural teeth were completely absent, determined through a clinical examination. Risk indicators were collected using questionnaires. Analyses were performed using binary logistic regression in STATA 9.0. Mean age was 79.0 ± 9.8 years. Many subjects were women (69.1%). The prevalence of edentulism was 36.7%. In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age and sex, the variables that were inversely associated (p< 0.05) with edentulism were living with a spouse (odds ratio = OR = 0.31), and lacking health insurance (OR = 0.70). Variables associated with higher risk of being edentate were lower educational attainment (OR = 1.61), having received radiation therapy (OR = 4.49), being a smoker (OR = 4.82), and having diabetes (OR = 2.94) or other chronic illnesses (OR = 1.82) (with hypertension approaching significance, p= 0.067). In this sample of Mexican elders, diverse variables were associated with edentulism, in particular smoking and past radiotherapy. Oral health programs within and outside LTC/ADC should take into account risk factors specific to the older population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-262
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011


  • Edentulism
  • Elders in Mexico
  • Oral health
  • Smoking and edentulism
  • Tooth loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Aging
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Islas-Granillo, H., Borges-Yañez, S. A., Lucas-Rincón, S. E., Medina-Solís, C. E., Casanova-Rosado, A. J., Márquez-Corona, M. L., & Maupomé, G. (2011). Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 53(3), 258-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2010.12.014