Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older

H. Islas-Granillo, S. A. Borges-Yañez, S. E. Lucas-Rincón, C. E. Medina-Solís, A. J. Casanova-Rosado, M. L. Márquez-Corona, G. Maupomé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of edentulism in Mexican elders aged 60 years and older, and the associated risk indicators. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 139 elders living in either of two long-term care (LTC) facilities, or attending an adult day center (ADC) in Pachuca, Mexico. A subject was edentulous when natural teeth were completely absent, determined through a clinical examination. Risk indicators were collected using questionnaires. Analyses were performed using binary logistic regression in STATA 9.0. Mean age was 79.0 ± 9.8 years. Many subjects were women (69.1%). The prevalence of edentulism was 36.7%. In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age and sex, the variables that were inversely associated (p< 0.05) with edentulism were living with a spouse (odds ratio = OR = 0.31), and lacking health insurance (OR = 0.70). Variables associated with higher risk of being edentate were lower educational attainment (OR = 1.61), having received radiation therapy (OR = 4.49), being a smoker (OR = 4.82), and having diabetes (OR = 2.94) or other chronic illnesses (OR = 1.82) (with hypertension approaching significance, p= 0.067). In this sample of Mexican elders, diverse variables were associated with edentulism, in particular smoking and past radiotherapy. Oral health programs within and outside LTC/ADC should take into account risk factors specific to the older population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-262
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Keywords

  • Edentulism
  • Elders in Mexico
  • Oral health
  • Smoking and edentulism
  • Tooth loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Aging
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Islas-Granillo, H., Borges-Yañez, S. A., Lucas-Rincón, S. E., Medina-Solís, C. E., Casanova-Rosado, A. J., Márquez-Corona, M. L., & Maupomé, G. (2011). Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 53(3), 258-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2010.12.014