Effect of a highly potent fluoro analog of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on human bone-derived cells

Takeshi Kiriyama, Sumiaki Okamoto, Eri Ejima, Noriyoshi Kurihara, Yoshiro Hakeda, Nobuhiro Ito, Motomori Izumi, Masayoshi Kumegawa, Sigenobu Nagataki

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Abstract

The fluorine introduced analog of 1, 25-dihy-droxyvitamin D3 [l, 25-(OH)2D3], 26, 26, 26, 27, 27, 27-hexafluoro-1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3] is 5-10 times more potent than l, 25-(OH)2D3 in vitamin D-deficient rats and chicks. In this study we established cultures of human bone cells in order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the higher activity of this compound. The effects of 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 and 26, 26, 26, 27, 27, 27-hexafluoro-l, 23(S), 25-trihydroxyvitamin D3[26, 27-F6-l, 23(S), 25-(OH)3D3], the postulated main metabolite of 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3, were assessed by the response of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 increased ALP activity in a dose-related fashion, from a concentration of 10-11 M and caused a 3-fold elevation at a concentration of 10-9 M. To achieve the same stimulating effect on ALP activity, the required dose of 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 was 100 times less than that of l, 25-(OH)2D3. Analysis of the receptors of these cells revealed that they have specific receptors for 1, 25-(OH)2D3, which have a dissociation constant of 0.9 X 10-10 M. The competitive binding assays of 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 on these receptors showed that binding ability of 26, 27-Fe-l, 25-(OH)2D3 is almost the same as that of l, 25-(OH)2D3. Therefore, receptor binding affinity does not account for the higher potency of 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3. The trihydroxylated compound, 26, 27-F6-l, 23(S), 25-(OH)3D3 revealed almost the same stimulatory activity on ALP activity in these cells. The most likely explanation for the higher activity of 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 than l, 25-(OH)2D3 is that 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 is metabolized to 26, 27-F6-l, 23(S), 25-(OH)3D3, which has almost the same activity as 26, 27-F6-l, 25-(OH)2D3 in target tissues, whereas 1, 25-(OH)2D3 is degraded to less active metabolites such as 1, 24, 25-(OH)3D3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalEndocrinology
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Kiriyama, T., Okamoto, S., Ejima, E., Kurihara, N., Hakeda, Y., Ito, N., Izumi, M., Kumegawa, M., & Nagataki, S. (1991). Effect of a highly potent fluoro analog of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on human bone-derived cells. Endocrinology, 128(1), 81-86. https://doi.org/10.1210/endo-128-1-81