Effect of a state-based incentive programme on the use of electronic health records

Joshua R. Vest, Lisa M. Kern, Erika Abramson, Jessica S. Ancker, Rainu Kaushal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Rationale, aims and objectives: In 2004, New York passed the Health Care Efficiency and Affordability Law for New Yorkers (HEAL NY) Capital Grants Program, which was the largest state-based investment in health information technology adoption in the United States. We sought to evaluate the effects of this programme on electronic health records (EHR) usage. Methods: We undertook a case-control study of health care providers who had signed up with a regional extension centre, some of whom had also received HEAL funding through programmes intended to support EHR adoption. The outcome of interest was achievement of Medicare or Medicaid Meaningful Use and the primary exposure was any link to HEAL NY funding. The association between Meaningful Use status and independent variables was measured using logistic regression models. Results: Meaningful Users were more likely to have had a history of HEAL NY funding (OR = 1.83; 95% CI = 1.59, 2.09). Also, achievement of Meaningful Use was associated with having an EHR before 2011 (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 146, 1.83). Among those with EHRs prior to 2011, the odds of achieving Meaningful Use were statistically higher if coupled with HEAL NY funding (OR = 3.12; 95% CI = 2.50, 3.90). Conclusion: Achieving Meaningful Use was associated with a history of HEAL NY funding. However, it was the combination of HEAL NY funding and historic usage of EHRs that was associated with the largest increase in the odds that the provider was a Meaningful User. These findings indicate that state-based incentive programmes can support the effective usage of health information technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-663
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Doctors
  • Electronic health records
  • Incentives
  • Meaningful use
  • Programme evaluation
  • Public policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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