Effect of aging on animal response to chronic fluoride exposure.

A. J. Dunipace, E. J. Brizendine, W. Zhang, M. E. Wilson, L. L. Miller, B. P. Katz, J. M. Warrick, Barry Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that physiological changes which occur during aging increase the biological impact of fluoride and reduce the threshold of safe fluoride exposure. Four groups of rats were fed a low-fluoride diet (< 1.2 ppm) ad libitum and received 0, 5, 15, or 50 ppm fluoride in their drinking water. Animals were killed after three, six, 12, or 18 months of treatment. Blood and urine were monitored for biochemical markers of tissue function, and plasma, urine, feces, and representative tissues were analyzed for fluoride. In addition, bone marrow cells from animals killed after 18 months of treatment were examined for frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE), a marker of genetic damage. Study results indicated that, within treatment groups, fluoride intake, excretion, and retention did not change significantly between three and 18 months. Fluoride concentration in soft tissues did not change with treatment duration in the fluoride-treated animals. Mineralized tissue fluoride concentration and the total fluoride in the carcasses increased continually as the animals aged. In spite of significant, dose-related differences in tissue fluoride levels which occurred in all age groups in this study, there were no indications that increased fluoride in the tissues caused any adverse physiological or genotoxic effects. None of the monitored clinical "wellness" markers of tissue integrity and function was altered by fluoride in a clinically significant manner. Therefore, there was no evidence from this study that aging reduces the threshold of safe chronic fluoride exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-368
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume74
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995

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Fluorides
Biomarkers
Urine
Sister Chromatid Exchange
Therapeutics
Genetic Markers
Feces
Drinking Water
Bone Marrow Cells
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Dunipace, A. J., Brizendine, E. J., Zhang, W., Wilson, M. E., Miller, L. L., Katz, B. P., ... Katz, B. (1995). Effect of aging on animal response to chronic fluoride exposure. Journal of Dental Research, 74(1), 358-368.

Effect of aging on animal response to chronic fluoride exposure. / Dunipace, A. J.; Brizendine, E. J.; Zhang, W.; Wilson, M. E.; Miller, L. L.; Katz, B. P.; Warrick, J. M.; Katz, Barry.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 74, No. 1, 01.1995, p. 358-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dunipace, AJ, Brizendine, EJ, Zhang, W, Wilson, ME, Miller, LL, Katz, BP, Warrick, JM & Katz, B 1995, 'Effect of aging on animal response to chronic fluoride exposure.', Journal of Dental Research, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 358-368.
Dunipace AJ, Brizendine EJ, Zhang W, Wilson ME, Miller LL, Katz BP et al. Effect of aging on animal response to chronic fluoride exposure. Journal of Dental Research. 1995 Jan;74(1):358-368.
Dunipace, A. J. ; Brizendine, E. J. ; Zhang, W. ; Wilson, M. E. ; Miller, L. L. ; Katz, B. P. ; Warrick, J. M. ; Katz, Barry. / Effect of aging on animal response to chronic fluoride exposure. In: Journal of Dental Research. 1995 ; Vol. 74, No. 1. pp. 358-368.
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