Effect of aprindine on transmembrane currents and contractile force in frog atria

R. F. Gilmour, V. N. Chikharev, J. A. Jurevichus, S. I. Zacharov, D. P. Zipes, L. V. Rosenshtraukh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The effects of aprindine on transmembrane currents in frog (Rana Ridibunda) atrial trabeculae were studied using a voltage clamp technique. Aprindine (1 x 10 -6 g/ml) reduced maximum inward sodium current by 38.6 ± 7.2% (mean ± S.E.M., n = 6), but had no effect on the slow inward current or outward current. A higher dose of aprindine (2.8 x 10 -5 g/ml) suppressed both the fast inward current and the slow inward current. Outward current was decreased at membrane potentials between -80 and -45 mV and increased at membrane potentials positive to -20 mV. In addition, aprindine was tested on frog (R. Ridibunda) atrial strips in which the transmembrane action potential and contractile force were recorded. The low dose of aprindine (1 x 10 -6 g/ml) depressed action potential amplitude and dV/dt and slightly increased action potential duration, but had no effect on contractile force. The higher dose (2.8 x 10 -5 g/ml) significantly reduced developed tension and dP/dt, decreased action potential amplitude and dV/dt and increased action potential duration. Aprindine (2.8 x 10 -5 g/ml) also depressed slow channel dependent membrane oscillations induced in atrial trabeculae by injection of current pulses. These data indicate that sprindine possesses fast and slow channel blocking properties, the latter being more apparent at high concentrations of the drug, and affects outward current differentially, depending on the membrane potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume217
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aprindine
Anura
Action Potentials
Membrane Potentials
Rana ridibunda
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Ion Channels
Sodium
Injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Gilmour, R. F., Chikharev, V. N., Jurevichus, J. A., Zacharov, S. I., Zipes, D. P., & Rosenshtraukh, L. V. (1981). Effect of aprindine on transmembrane currents and contractile force in frog atria. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 217(2), 390-396.

Effect of aprindine on transmembrane currents and contractile force in frog atria. / Gilmour, R. F.; Chikharev, V. N.; Jurevichus, J. A.; Zacharov, S. I.; Zipes, D. P.; Rosenshtraukh, L. V.

In: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Vol. 217, No. 2, 1981, p. 390-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gilmour, RF, Chikharev, VN, Jurevichus, JA, Zacharov, SI, Zipes, DP & Rosenshtraukh, LV 1981, 'Effect of aprindine on transmembrane currents and contractile force in frog atria', Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 217, no. 2, pp. 390-396.
Gilmour RF, Chikharev VN, Jurevichus JA, Zacharov SI, Zipes DP, Rosenshtraukh LV. Effect of aprindine on transmembrane currents and contractile force in frog atria. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 1981;217(2):390-396.
Gilmour, R. F. ; Chikharev, V. N. ; Jurevichus, J. A. ; Zacharov, S. I. ; Zipes, D. P. ; Rosenshtraukh, L. V. / Effect of aprindine on transmembrane currents and contractile force in frog atria. In: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 1981 ; Vol. 217, No. 2. pp. 390-396.
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