Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization

Ruhi Nalçacia, Yener Özatb, Serpil Çokakoǧ Luc, Hakan Turkkahraman, Süleyman Önale, Selçuk Kaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbialcolonization.Materials and Methods: Forty-six patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic treatment (age 11- 16 years) were selected from the orthodontic department of Suleyman Demirel University. Patients were divided into two groups with random distribution of brackets; 23 patients were treated with self-ligating brackets (group SLBs), the others with conventional brackets (group CBs). Halitosis measurements and periodontal and microbial records were obtained before the placement ofbrackets (T0), 1 week later (T1), and 5 weeks after bonding (T2). Periodontal parameters, including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing index (BOP), were obtained from all the bonded teeth. Halitosis measurements were performed at the same time. Microbial samples were obtained from the buccal surfaces of all the bonded teeth. Data were analyzed by using a repeated-measurement analysis of variance test for the comparison of parameters between groups and times. Results: Periodontal parameters and halitosis results were higher in the CBs group than in the SLBs group (P ≤.05). In the SLBs group, halitosis and BOP values revealed no pronounced changes between T1 and T2 (P ≥.05). Intra- and intergroup comparisons showed that there were no statistically significant differences for microbial colonization between all the time intervals (P ≥.05). Conclusion: Bracket type has an effect on halitosis and periodontal status. Therefore, self-ligating brackets may be advised in order to prevent patients from developing halitosis and to increase the likelihood of good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-485
Number of pages7
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Halitosis
Orthodontics
Periodontal Index
Tooth
Cheek
Oral Hygiene
Analysis of Variance
Hemorrhage

Keywords

  • Halitosis
  • Microbial colonization
  • Periodontal status
  • Self-ligating bracket

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization. / Nalçacia, Ruhi; Özatb, Yener; Çokakoǧ Luc, Serpil; Turkkahraman, Hakan; Önale, Süleyman; Kaya, Selçuk.

In: Angle Orthodontist, Vol. 84, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 479-485.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nalçacia, R, Özatb, Y, Çokakoǧ Luc, S, Turkkahraman, H, Önale, S & Kaya, S 2014, 'Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization', Angle Orthodontist, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 479-485. https://doi.org/10.2319/061913-461.1
Nalçacia, Ruhi ; Özatb, Yener ; Çokakoǧ Luc, Serpil ; Turkkahraman, Hakan ; Önale, Süleyman ; Kaya, Selçuk. / Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization. In: Angle Orthodontist. 2014 ; Vol. 84, No. 3. pp. 479-485.
@article{62029c3c111445f28266b023ae7c1a94,
title = "Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbialcolonization.Materials and Methods: Forty-six patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic treatment (age 11- 16 years) were selected from the orthodontic department of Suleyman Demirel University. Patients were divided into two groups with random distribution of brackets; 23 patients were treated with self-ligating brackets (group SLBs), the others with conventional brackets (group CBs). Halitosis measurements and periodontal and microbial records were obtained before the placement ofbrackets (T0), 1 week later (T1), and 5 weeks after bonding (T2). Periodontal parameters, including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing index (BOP), were obtained from all the bonded teeth. Halitosis measurements were performed at the same time. Microbial samples were obtained from the buccal surfaces of all the bonded teeth. Data were analyzed by using a repeated-measurement analysis of variance test for the comparison of parameters between groups and times. Results: Periodontal parameters and halitosis results were higher in the CBs group than in the SLBs group (P ≤.05). In the SLBs group, halitosis and BOP values revealed no pronounced changes between T1 and T2 (P ≥.05). Intra- and intergroup comparisons showed that there were no statistically significant differences for microbial colonization between all the time intervals (P ≥.05). Conclusion: Bracket type has an effect on halitosis and periodontal status. Therefore, self-ligating brackets may be advised in order to prevent patients from developing halitosis and to increase the likelihood of good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment.",
keywords = "Halitosis, Microbial colonization, Periodontal status, Self-ligating bracket",
author = "Ruhi Nal{\cc}acia and Yener {\"O}zatb and {{\cC}okakoǧ Luc}, Serpil and Hakan Turkkahraman and S{\"u}leyman {\"O}nale and Sel{\cc}uk Kaya",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2319/061913-461.1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "84",
pages = "479--485",
journal = "Angle Orthodontist",
issn = "0003-3219",
publisher = "E H Angle Orthodontists Research & Education Foundation, Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization

AU - Nalçacia, Ruhi

AU - Özatb, Yener

AU - Çokakoǧ Luc, Serpil

AU - Turkkahraman, Hakan

AU - Önale, Süleyman

AU - Kaya, Selçuk

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Objective: To determine the effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbialcolonization.Materials and Methods: Forty-six patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic treatment (age 11- 16 years) were selected from the orthodontic department of Suleyman Demirel University. Patients were divided into two groups with random distribution of brackets; 23 patients were treated with self-ligating brackets (group SLBs), the others with conventional brackets (group CBs). Halitosis measurements and periodontal and microbial records were obtained before the placement ofbrackets (T0), 1 week later (T1), and 5 weeks after bonding (T2). Periodontal parameters, including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing index (BOP), were obtained from all the bonded teeth. Halitosis measurements were performed at the same time. Microbial samples were obtained from the buccal surfaces of all the bonded teeth. Data were analyzed by using a repeated-measurement analysis of variance test for the comparison of parameters between groups and times. Results: Periodontal parameters and halitosis results were higher in the CBs group than in the SLBs group (P ≤.05). In the SLBs group, halitosis and BOP values revealed no pronounced changes between T1 and T2 (P ≥.05). Intra- and intergroup comparisons showed that there were no statistically significant differences for microbial colonization between all the time intervals (P ≥.05). Conclusion: Bracket type has an effect on halitosis and periodontal status. Therefore, self-ligating brackets may be advised in order to prevent patients from developing halitosis and to increase the likelihood of good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment.

AB - Objective: To determine the effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbialcolonization.Materials and Methods: Forty-six patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic treatment (age 11- 16 years) were selected from the orthodontic department of Suleyman Demirel University. Patients were divided into two groups with random distribution of brackets; 23 patients were treated with self-ligating brackets (group SLBs), the others with conventional brackets (group CBs). Halitosis measurements and periodontal and microbial records were obtained before the placement ofbrackets (T0), 1 week later (T1), and 5 weeks after bonding (T2). Periodontal parameters, including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing index (BOP), were obtained from all the bonded teeth. Halitosis measurements were performed at the same time. Microbial samples were obtained from the buccal surfaces of all the bonded teeth. Data were analyzed by using a repeated-measurement analysis of variance test for the comparison of parameters between groups and times. Results: Periodontal parameters and halitosis results were higher in the CBs group than in the SLBs group (P ≤.05). In the SLBs group, halitosis and BOP values revealed no pronounced changes between T1 and T2 (P ≥.05). Intra- and intergroup comparisons showed that there were no statistically significant differences for microbial colonization between all the time intervals (P ≥.05). Conclusion: Bracket type has an effect on halitosis and periodontal status. Therefore, self-ligating brackets may be advised in order to prevent patients from developing halitosis and to increase the likelihood of good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment.

KW - Halitosis

KW - Microbial colonization

KW - Periodontal status

KW - Self-ligating bracket

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84900465743&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84900465743&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2319/061913-461.1

DO - 10.2319/061913-461.1

M3 - Article

VL - 84

SP - 479

EP - 485

JO - Angle Orthodontist

JF - Angle Orthodontist

SN - 0003-3219

IS - 3

ER -