Effect of corticision and different force magnitudes on orthodontic tooth movement in a rat model

Christopher A. Murphy, Taranpreet Chandhoke, Zana Kalajzic, Rita Flynn, Achint Utreja, Sunil Wadhwa, Ravindra Nanda, Flavio Uribe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of 2 distinct magnitudes of applied force with and without corticision (flapless corticotomy) on the rate of tooth movement and to examine the alveolar response in a rat model. Methods A total of 44 male rats (6 weeks old) were equally divided into 4 experimental groups based on force level and surgical intervention: light force, light force with corticision, heavy force, and heavy force with corticision. The forces were delivered from the maxillary left first molar to the maxillary incisors using prefabricated 10-g (light force) or 100-g (heavy force) nickel-titanium springs. The corticision procedure was performed at appliance placement and repeated 1 week later on the mesiopalatal aspect of the maxillary left first molars, with the right sides serving as the untreated controls. Microcomputed tomography was used to evaluate tooth movement between the maxillary first and second molars, and the alveolar response in the region of the maxillary first molar on day 14. Osteoclasts and odontoclasts were quantified, and the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa ß ligand was examined. Results Intragroup comparisons of bone volume fraction (BVF) and tissue density were found to be significantly less on the loaded sides, with the exception of BVF in the light force group. Intergroup comparisons evaluating magnitude of tooth movement, BVF, apparent density, and tissue density showed no significant differences. Histomorphometric analysis indicated that BVF was decreased in the light force group. No significant differences in the total numbers of osteoclasts and odontoclasts and the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa ß ligand were found between the groups. Conclusions No differences in tooth movement or alveolar response were observed with microcomputed tomography based on force level or corticision procedure. A flapless surgical insult in the mesiopalatal aspect of the first molar with a single-site corticision was unable to induce clinical or histologic changes after 2 weeks of orthodontic tooth movement regardless of the force magnitude. Histologic analysis of the furcation area showed that light force significantly decreased BVF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-66
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume146
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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