The effect of forskolin on collagen production in osteoblasts was investigated by using clonal osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells cultured in a-minimum essential medium containing 0.1% bovine serum albumin. Forskolin increased the adenylate cyclase activity in membranes pelleted from homogenates of the cell line in a dose-dependent manner. The drug caused a 13-fold stimulation at 10-4 M, indicating that the compound directly acts on adenylate cyclase, leading to an increase in the intracellular cAMP content of the cells. Collagen accumulation in the cultures was elevated by one-day treatment with 5 × 10-5 M forskolin to about twice that in the controls. The stimulation was mainly due to an elevation in collagen synthesis but not to an inhibition of intracellular collagen degradation because forskolin dose-dependently increased collagen synthesis; it also significantly increased the amount of low-molecular-weight hydroxyproline found in the cultures. Cells treated with forskolin produced mainly type I collagen, as found in bone matrix in situ, with only small amounts of other types of collagen. Furthermore, forskolin time-dependently inhibited DNA synthesis in the cells, indicating that the increase in type I collagen synthesis by forskolin was not due to stimulated cell proliferation. These results suggest that cAMP is closely linked to the differentiation of osteoblasts in vitro.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology