Effect of high osmolality on Na+/H+ exchange in renal proximal tubule cells

Manoocher Soleimani, Crescence Bookstein, James A. McAteer, Yolanda J. Hattabaugh, Gwen L. Bizal, Mark W. Musch, Mitchel Villereal, Mrinalini C. Rao, Randy L. Howard, Eugene B. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Na+/H+ exchanger isoform and the effect of high osmolality on its function was studied in cultured renal epithelial cells (LLC-PK1 and OK). Using NHE-3-specific antibody, immunoblots of luminal membranes from LLC- PK1 and OK cells specifically labeled proteins with molecular masses 90 and 95 kDa, indicating that NHE-3 is the isoform expressed on the luminal membranes of these epithelia. Proximal tubular suspensions from rabbit kidney cortex were incubated in control (310 mosm/liter) or high osmolality (510 mosm/liter) medium for 45 min and utilized for brush border membrane vesicle preparation. Influx of amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ at 10 s (pH(o) 7.5, pH(i) 6.0) into brush border membrane vesicles was 37% lower in the high osmolality group (p < 0.03). LLC-PK1 or OK cells were grown to confluence and examined for Na+/H+ exchange activity. An increase in medium osmolality to 510 mosm following acid loading decreased the 5-min uptake of the amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ in LLC-PK1 and OK cells (p < 0.04 and < 0.03 for LLC-PK1 cell OK cells, respectively). An increase in medium osmolality to 510 mosm in vascular smooth muscle cells, which express NHE-1, produced 45 and 64% stimulation of the amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ influx at base-line pH(i) and acid-loaded condition, respectively (p < 0.03 and < 0.01). Down-regulation of protein kinase C by preincubation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or inhibition of Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (calmodulin-kinase II) by N-6-aminohexyl-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7) in LLC-PK1 cells did not block the inhibitory effect of high osmolality on Na+/H+ exchange activity. We conclude that renal proximal tubule epithelial cells express Na+/H+ exchange isoform NHE-3 on their luminal membranes and that hyperosmolality decreases transporter activity during cell acidification. This inhibitory effect might be unique to the NHE-3 isoform, since vascular smooth muscle cells which express NHE-1 exhibit an increase in Na+/H+ exchange activity in response to high osmolality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15613-15618
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 3 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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