Na+/H+ exchanger isoform and the effect of high osmolality on its function was studied in cultured renal epithelial cells (LLC-PK1 and OK). Using NHE-3-specific antibody, immunoblots of luminal membranes from LLC- PK1 and OK cells specifically labeled proteins with molecular masses 90 and 95 kDa, indicating that NHE-3 is the isoform expressed on the luminal membranes of these epithelia. Proximal tubular suspensions from rabbit kidney cortex were incubated in control (310 mosm/liter) or high osmolality (510 mosm/liter) medium for 45 min and utilized for brush border membrane vesicle preparation. Influx of amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ at 10 s (pH(o) 7.5, pH(i) 6.0) into brush border membrane vesicles was 37% lower in the high osmolality group (p < 0.03). LLC-PK1 or OK cells were grown to confluence and examined for Na+/H+ exchange activity. An increase in medium osmolality to 510 mosm following acid loading decreased the 5-min uptake of the amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ in LLC-PK1 and OK cells (p < 0.04 and < 0.03 for LLC-PK1 cell OK cells, respectively). An increase in medium osmolality to 510 mosm in vascular smooth muscle cells, which express NHE-1, produced 45 and 64% stimulation of the amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ influx at base-line pH(i) and acid-loaded condition, respectively (p < 0.03 and < 0.01). Down-regulation of protein kinase C by preincubation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or inhibition of Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (calmodulin-kinase II) by N-6-aminohexyl-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7) in LLC-PK1 cells did not block the inhibitory effect of high osmolality on Na+/H+ exchange activity. We conclude that renal proximal tubule epithelial cells express Na+/H+ exchange isoform NHE-3 on their luminal membranes and that hyperosmolality decreases transporter activity during cell acidification. This inhibitory effect might be unique to the NHE-3 isoform, since vascular smooth muscle cells which express NHE-1 exhibit an increase in Na+/H+ exchange activity in response to high osmolality.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 3 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology