Effect of Knowledge, Teaching Method, Confidence and Social Influence on Breast Self‐Examination Behavior

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A descriptive study was conducted to identify the relationship of knowledge, teaching methods, confidence and social influence to intent, frequency and proficiency of breast self‐examination. A probability sample of 380 women aged 35 years and over served as subjects for in‐home interviews conducted by trained graduate assistants. Knowledge correlated significantly with intent and proficiency of breast self‐examination but not with frequency. Confidence correlated significantly with all three dependent variables, while social influence correlated only with intent. Being taught individually with a return demonstration increased proficiency and frequency. Implications for clinical application and future research are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-80
Number of pages5
JournalImage: the Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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