Effect of N9-methylation and bridge atom variation on the activity of 5-substituted 2,4-diaminopyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines against dihydrofolate reductases from Pneumocystis carinii and Toxoplasma gondii

A. Gangjee, F. Mavandadi, S. F. Queener

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The effect of N9-mathylation and bridge atom variation on inhibitory potency and selectivity of 2,4-diaminopyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines against dihydrofolate reductases (DHFR) was studied. Specifically three nonclassical 2,4-diamino-5-((N-methylanilino)methyl)pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines with 2',5'- dimethoxyphenyl (2), 3',4'-dichlorophenyl (3), 1'-naphthyl (4), one classical analogue with a 4'-L-glutamate substituent (10), and four nonclassical 2,4- diamino-5-((phenylthio)methyl)pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines with 3',4'- dimethoxyphenyl (5), 3',4'-dichlorophenyl (6), 1'-naphthyl (7), and 2'- naphthyl (8) substituents were synthesized. The classical and nonclassical analogies were obtained by displacement of the intermediate 2,4-diamino-5- bromomethylpyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine, 14, with appropriately substituted N- methylaniline, thiophenols, or 4-(N-methylamino)benzeyl-L-glutamate. Compounds 2-8 and 10 were evaluated against Pneumocystis carinii (pc), Toxoplasma gondii (tg), and rat liver (rl) DHFRs. The N-methyl and thiomethyl analognes were more inhibitory than their corresponding anilinomethyl analogues (previously reported) against all three DHFRs. The inhibitory potency of these analogues was greater against rlDHFR than against tgDHFR which resulted in a loss of selectivity for tgDHFR compared to the N9-H analogues. The classical N9-methyl analogue 10 was more potent and about 2- fold more selective against tgDHFR than its corresponding desmethyl analogue. All of the analogues, 2-8 and 10, were more selective than trimetrexate (TMQ) against pcDHFR (except 4) and significantly more selective than TMQ against tgDHFR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1173-1177
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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