Effect of starvation and diabetes on the sensitivity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I to inhibition by 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate

T. W. Stephens, R. A. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sensitivity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I to inhibition by 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate was decreased markedly in liver mitochondria isolated from either 48 h-starved or streptozotocin-diabetic rats. These treatments of the rat also decreased the sensitivity of fatty acid oxidation by isolated hepatocytes to inhibition by this compound. Furthermore, incubation of hepatocytes prepared from fed rats with N6O2'-dibutyryl cyclic AMP also decreased the sensitivity, whereas incubation of hepatocytes prepared from starved rats with lactate plus pyruvate had the opposite effect on 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate inhibition of fatty acid oxidation. The sensitivity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I of mitochondria to 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate increased in a time-dependent manner, as previously reported for malonyl-CoA. Likewise, oleoyl-CoA activated carnitine palmitoyltransferase I in a time-dependent manner and prevented the sensitization by 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate. Increased exogenous carnitine caused a moderate increase in fatty acid oxidation by hepatocytes under some conditions and a decreased 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate inhibition of fatty acid oxidation at low oleate concentration, without decreasing the difference in 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate inhibition between fed- and starved-rat hepatocytes. Time-dependent changes in the conformation of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I or the membrane environment may be involved in differences among nutritional states in 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate-sensitivity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-412
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume243
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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