Effect of tonsillar fossa closure on postoperative pain and bleeding risk after tonsillectomy

Bruce Matt, Bryan J. Krol, Yan Ding, Beth E. Juliar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine if closing the tonsil fossa after tonsillectomy leads to less pain and bleeding. Study design: Interventional, Randomized, Single Blind, Active Control, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study. Follow-up: 2. months. Methods: Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) analyzed effects of tonsillar pillar closure, surgeon experience and interaction on outcomes. Setting: Primarily academic tertiary care referral center, institutional practice, primarily children, both ambulatory and hospitalized care. Subjects: 763 subjects (age 8-264. months) undergoing tonsillectomy. Exclusions: suspected malignancy or active peritonsillar abscess. At the discretion of the attending surgeon, patients undergoing tonsillectomy during the 4. year study period were offered participation. A computer selected the side closed. 131 subjects withdrew (complete lack of follow-up information) after the first 72. h. Intervention: 3-0 chromic sutures on tapered needles to close one tonsillar fossa. The subject was not told which side was closed. Main outcome measures: postoperative bleeding (at any time) and pain reported was sought on days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Results: Closure of the tonsillar fossa did not change the risk of bleeding. Closing the tonsillar fossa had a 40% increase in the odds ratio of postoperative pain. In the tonsillar fossa sides left open, greater surgeon experience decreased the risk of bleeding. In closed sides, enriched surgeon experience increased the risk of bleeding (p< .0.05). Conclusions: Suture closure of the tonsillar fossa after tonsillectomy does not reduce the risk of bleeding. Additionally, closing the tonsillar fossa increased postoperative pain. Level of evidence: 1b (individual randomized controlled trial).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1799-1805
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume76
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Tonsillectomy
Postoperative Pain
Hemorrhage
Tertiary Care Centers
Sutures
Peritonsillar Abscess
Institutional Practice
Pain
Palatine Tonsil
Ambulatory Care
Needles
Randomized Controlled Trials
Odds Ratio
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Safety
Control Groups
Surgeons
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Hemostasis
  • Pillar sutures
  • Postoperative pain
  • Tonsillar fossa closure
  • Tonsillectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Effect of tonsillar fossa closure on postoperative pain and bleeding risk after tonsillectomy. / Matt, Bruce; Krol, Bryan J.; Ding, Yan; Juliar, Beth E.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, Vol. 76, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 1799-1805.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1eb7719efae8459e9ccb5603af9f090f,
title = "Effect of tonsillar fossa closure on postoperative pain and bleeding risk after tonsillectomy",
abstract = "Objective: To determine if closing the tonsil fossa after tonsillectomy leads to less pain and bleeding. Study design: Interventional, Randomized, Single Blind, Active Control, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study. Follow-up: 2. months. Methods: Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) analyzed effects of tonsillar pillar closure, surgeon experience and interaction on outcomes. Setting: Primarily academic tertiary care referral center, institutional practice, primarily children, both ambulatory and hospitalized care. Subjects: 763 subjects (age 8-264. months) undergoing tonsillectomy. Exclusions: suspected malignancy or active peritonsillar abscess. At the discretion of the attending surgeon, patients undergoing tonsillectomy during the 4. year study period were offered participation. A computer selected the side closed. 131 subjects withdrew (complete lack of follow-up information) after the first 72. h. Intervention: 3-0 chromic sutures on tapered needles to close one tonsillar fossa. The subject was not told which side was closed. Main outcome measures: postoperative bleeding (at any time) and pain reported was sought on days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Results: Closure of the tonsillar fossa did not change the risk of bleeding. Closing the tonsillar fossa had a 40{\%} increase in the odds ratio of postoperative pain. In the tonsillar fossa sides left open, greater surgeon experience decreased the risk of bleeding. In closed sides, enriched surgeon experience increased the risk of bleeding (p< .0.05). Conclusions: Suture closure of the tonsillar fossa after tonsillectomy does not reduce the risk of bleeding. Additionally, closing the tonsillar fossa increased postoperative pain. Level of evidence: 1b (individual randomized controlled trial).",
keywords = "Hemostasis, Pillar sutures, Postoperative pain, Tonsillar fossa closure, Tonsillectomy",
author = "Bruce Matt and Krol, {Bryan J.} and Yan Ding and Juliar, {Beth E.}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.09.004",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "1799--1805",
journal = "International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology",
issn = "0165-5876",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of tonsillar fossa closure on postoperative pain and bleeding risk after tonsillectomy

AU - Matt, Bruce

AU - Krol, Bryan J.

AU - Ding, Yan

AU - Juliar, Beth E.

PY - 2012/12

Y1 - 2012/12

N2 - Objective: To determine if closing the tonsil fossa after tonsillectomy leads to less pain and bleeding. Study design: Interventional, Randomized, Single Blind, Active Control, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study. Follow-up: 2. months. Methods: Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) analyzed effects of tonsillar pillar closure, surgeon experience and interaction on outcomes. Setting: Primarily academic tertiary care referral center, institutional practice, primarily children, both ambulatory and hospitalized care. Subjects: 763 subjects (age 8-264. months) undergoing tonsillectomy. Exclusions: suspected malignancy or active peritonsillar abscess. At the discretion of the attending surgeon, patients undergoing tonsillectomy during the 4. year study period were offered participation. A computer selected the side closed. 131 subjects withdrew (complete lack of follow-up information) after the first 72. h. Intervention: 3-0 chromic sutures on tapered needles to close one tonsillar fossa. The subject was not told which side was closed. Main outcome measures: postoperative bleeding (at any time) and pain reported was sought on days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Results: Closure of the tonsillar fossa did not change the risk of bleeding. Closing the tonsillar fossa had a 40% increase in the odds ratio of postoperative pain. In the tonsillar fossa sides left open, greater surgeon experience decreased the risk of bleeding. In closed sides, enriched surgeon experience increased the risk of bleeding (p< .0.05). Conclusions: Suture closure of the tonsillar fossa after tonsillectomy does not reduce the risk of bleeding. Additionally, closing the tonsillar fossa increased postoperative pain. Level of evidence: 1b (individual randomized controlled trial).

AB - Objective: To determine if closing the tonsil fossa after tonsillectomy leads to less pain and bleeding. Study design: Interventional, Randomized, Single Blind, Active Control, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study. Follow-up: 2. months. Methods: Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) analyzed effects of tonsillar pillar closure, surgeon experience and interaction on outcomes. Setting: Primarily academic tertiary care referral center, institutional practice, primarily children, both ambulatory and hospitalized care. Subjects: 763 subjects (age 8-264. months) undergoing tonsillectomy. Exclusions: suspected malignancy or active peritonsillar abscess. At the discretion of the attending surgeon, patients undergoing tonsillectomy during the 4. year study period were offered participation. A computer selected the side closed. 131 subjects withdrew (complete lack of follow-up information) after the first 72. h. Intervention: 3-0 chromic sutures on tapered needles to close one tonsillar fossa. The subject was not told which side was closed. Main outcome measures: postoperative bleeding (at any time) and pain reported was sought on days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Results: Closure of the tonsillar fossa did not change the risk of bleeding. Closing the tonsillar fossa had a 40% increase in the odds ratio of postoperative pain. In the tonsillar fossa sides left open, greater surgeon experience decreased the risk of bleeding. In closed sides, enriched surgeon experience increased the risk of bleeding (p< .0.05). Conclusions: Suture closure of the tonsillar fossa after tonsillectomy does not reduce the risk of bleeding. Additionally, closing the tonsillar fossa increased postoperative pain. Level of evidence: 1b (individual randomized controlled trial).

KW - Hemostasis

KW - Pillar sutures

KW - Postoperative pain

KW - Tonsillar fossa closure

KW - Tonsillectomy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869129976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869129976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.09.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.09.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 23021465

AN - SCOPUS:84869129976

VL - 76

SP - 1799

EP - 1805

JO - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

JF - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

SN - 0165-5876

IS - 12

ER -