Effect of Trabeculectomy on Ocular Hemodynamic Parameters in Pseudoexfoliative and Primary Open-angle Glaucoma Patients

Ingrida Januleviciene, Lina Siaudvytyte, Vaida Diliene, Ruta Barsauskaite, Brent Siesky, Alon Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of trabeculectomy on ocular hemodynamic parameters in pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXG) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and to analyze serum antiphospholipid antibody levels (APLAs) in PXG. Methods: Thirty open-angle glaucoma patients were included in the prospective study. Intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), blood pressure, and pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) were measured. Retrobulbar blood flow (RBF) was measured using the color Doppler imaging. Venous blood samples were obtained from PXG patients; APLAs IgG levels were assessed. The level of significance was P < 0.05. Results: IOP decreased significantly in both groups after trabeculectomy [from 30.1 (7.2) to 15.0 (5.1) in PXG; from 29.1 (7.7) to 13.1 (5.5) in POAG, P < 0.05]. OPP increased from 38.9 (10.3) to 55.5 (8.6) in PXG and from 40.9 (11.0) to 56.7 (8.9) in POAG group, P < 0.05. Both groups showed significant increase in CRA PSV [from 8.75 (2.27) to 9.79 (2.31) in PXG and from 8.55 (2.59) to 10.11 (2.64) in POAG, P < 0.05]. Both groups showed an increase in POBF [from 13.09 (3.41) to 18.81 (5.70) in PXG and from 11.89 (5.79) to 19.29 (9.02) in POAG, P < 0.05). Patients with normal APLAs levels showed significant decrease in IOP [from 30.7 (8.1) to 15.2 (5.9)] and increase in POBF [from 13.24 (3.69) to 19.94 (5.03)], CRA PSV [from 8.78 (2.39) to 9.46 (2.17)], and tSPCA PSV [from 7.61 (2.15) to 8.35 (1.98)], P < 0.05. Conclusions: Trabeculectomy resulted in a significant decrease in IOP and increase in ocular blood flow. Effects of trabeculectomy in PXG patients were significantly less compared with POAG. Patients with normal APLA levels had a significant increase in ocular hemodynamic parameters compared with patients with higher APLAs levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e52-e56
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2015

Keywords

  • antiphospholipid
  • primary open-angle glaucoma
  • pseudoexfoliative glaucoma
  • pulsatile ocular blood flow
  • retrobulbar blood flow
  • trabeculectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Trabeculectomy on Ocular Hemodynamic Parameters in Pseudoexfoliative and Primary Open-angle Glaucoma Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this