Effective Immunity to Dental Caries: Protection of Gnotobiotic Rats by Local, Immunization with a Ribosomal Preparation from Streptococcus mutans

Richard L. Gregory, Suzanne M. Michalek, Isaac L. Shechmeister, Jerry R. McGhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A ribosomal preparation from Streptococcus mutans 6715 was characterized for its ability to induce an immune response in gnotobiotic rats which was protective against S. mutans‐induced dental caries. Animals injected in the salivary gland region with the S. mutans ribosomal vaccine developed significantly higher (P < 0.01) salivary IgA and serum IgG antibody activities against whole S. mutans cells and ribosomal preparations than nonimmunized rats. Vaccinated animals had significantly lower (67%; P < 0.01) levels of S. mutans adherent to their molar surfaces than the control rats after infection with the homologous, cariogenic S. mutans. The immunized animals had significantly fewer (P < 0.01) carious lesions on their buccal, sulcal, and proximal molar surfaces than the nonimmunized rats following challenge with the virulent organism. Animals injected with the ribosomal preparation developed salivary IgA and serum IgG antibodies with specificities to various cell surface‐associated antigens such as lipoteichoic acid and glucosyltransferase, suggesting that the observed protection may be due to antibodies against cell surface contaminants of the ribosomal vaccine. These results are the first demonstration that a ribosomal preparation from S. mutans protected rats from caries formation after challenge with the homologous, virulent S. mutans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)787-800
Number of pages14
JournalMicrobiology and Immunology
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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