Effects of a Community-based Lifestyle Intervention on Change in Physical Activity Among Economically Disadvantaged Adults With Prediabetes

Laura M. Hays, Helena M. Hoen, James E. Slaven, Emily A. Finch, David Marrero, Chandan Saha, Ronald T. Ackermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Moderate weight loss and physical activity (PA) can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes however there is a need for innovative, effective programs to promote PA in high-risk individuals. Purpose: We examined the effect of a group-based adaption of the DPP lifestyle intervention implemented in partnership with the YMCA (YDPP) on changes in moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in economically disadvantaged adults with prediabetes. The effects of psychosocial and community-level factors were explored. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to YDPP or brief counseling. Accelerometer data from 216 participants were used to identify: 1) change in MVPA and 2) sedentary behavior over 24 months. Results: YDPP had no significant effect on either outcome. Baseline PA and crime were associated with less MVPA while higher perceived health and green space were associated with more MVPA over time. Baseline sedentary behavior, perceived health, and green space were inversely related to being sedentary. Discussion: Results suggest that changing dietary and PA behaviors simultaneously may adversely affect changes in PA. Translation to Health Education Practice: Additional research is needed to determine the preferred format for PA interventions. Peer mentoring should be considered. Research is needed to identify valid accelerometer cut points in sedentary, overweight adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-278
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Education
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2016

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Prediabetic State
Vulnerable Populations
Life Style
Exercise
community
Health
Crime
health behavior
Health Education
mentoring
Research
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
health promotion
chronic illness
Counseling
Weight Loss
counseling
offense

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Effects of a Community-based Lifestyle Intervention on Change in Physical Activity Among Economically Disadvantaged Adults With Prediabetes. / Hays, Laura M.; Hoen, Helena M.; Slaven, James E.; Finch, Emily A.; Marrero, David; Saha, Chandan; Ackermann, Ronald T.

In: American Journal of Health Education, Vol. 47, No. 5, 02.09.2016, p. 266-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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