Effects of age at implantation in young children

Karen Iler Kirk, Richard Miyamoto, Cara L. Lento, Elizabeth Ying, Tara O'Neill, Beverly Fears

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

209 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of age at implantation on the development of communication abilities in children with early implantation. The 73 participants were prelingually deafened, received a cochlear implant before 5 years of age, and used current cochlear implant technology. The children were administered a battery of speech and language outcome measures before implantation and again at successive 6-month postimplant intervals. A mixed model analysis was used to examine the rate of growth in word recognition and language skills as a function of age at time of implantation. The results revealed significant improvements in communication skills over time. Spoken word recognition improved at a faster rate in the oral children with early implantation. However, the children who underwent implantation before 3 years of age had significantly faster rates of language development than did the children with later implantation. The oral children demonstrated more rapid gains in communication abilities than did the children who used total communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume111
Issue number5 II
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Communication
Aptitude
Cochlear Implants
Language
Language Development
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Technology
Growth

Keywords

  • Child
  • Cochlear implant
  • Deafness
  • Hearing impairment
  • Language development
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Kirk, K. I., Miyamoto, R., Lento, C. L., Ying, E., O'Neill, T., & Fears, B. (2002). Effects of age at implantation in young children. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 111(5 II), 69-73.

Effects of age at implantation in young children. / Kirk, Karen Iler; Miyamoto, Richard; Lento, Cara L.; Ying, Elizabeth; O'Neill, Tara; Fears, Beverly.

In: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, Vol. 111, No. 5 II, 2002, p. 69-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kirk, KI, Miyamoto, R, Lento, CL, Ying, E, O'Neill, T & Fears, B 2002, 'Effects of age at implantation in young children', Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, vol. 111, no. 5 II, pp. 69-73.
Kirk KI, Miyamoto R, Lento CL, Ying E, O'Neill T, Fears B. Effects of age at implantation in young children. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology. 2002;111(5 II):69-73.
Kirk, Karen Iler ; Miyamoto, Richard ; Lento, Cara L. ; Ying, Elizabeth ; O'Neill, Tara ; Fears, Beverly. / Effects of age at implantation in young children. In: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology. 2002 ; Vol. 111, No. 5 II. pp. 69-73.
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