The high-affinity uptakes of [3H]serotonin, [3H]-glutamate, and gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid were studied using a myelin-free crude synaptosomal fraction prepared from the spinal cords of normal dogs and spastic dogs following sham treatment or dorsal bilateral rhizotomy surgery. Compared to sham-operated controls, rhizotomy surgery of normal dogs produced, after 1 week, a 30% reduction in the Vmax value of [3H]glutamate, but did not alter the uptake of gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid. This treatment also produced a 60% decrease in the Vmax value of [3H]serotonin. Comparison of the effect of rhizotomy surgery on normal and spastic dogs revealed that the spastic group had 60% higher Vmax values for uptakes of [3H]glutamate and gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid. Comparison of sham-operated spastic dogs and rhizotomy-treated spastic animals showed that there was a 25% decrease in the uptake of both amino acids in the rhizotomy-treated spastic group. Overall, the data (a) support the hypothesis that glutamate is the neurotransmitter from some of the primary afferents, and (b) suggest that sprouting of interneuronal amino acid transmitter systems may occur in the spinal cords of spastic dogs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 1988|
- Glutamate uptake
- Serotonin uptake.
- Spinal cord
- γ‐Aminobutyric acid uptake
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience