Effects of D1 and D2 dopamine receptor agents on ethanol consumption in the high-alcohol-drinking (HAD) line of rats

W. Dyr, W. J. McBride, L. Lumeng, T. K. Li, J. M. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Scopus citations


Dopamine receptor agonists and antagonists were tested for effects on alcohol drinking in female HAD rats (n = 10) given limited access (4 h/day) to a 10% (v/v) ethanol solution. Food and water were available ad libitum. Subcutaneous drug injections were given 30-60 min before the ethanol access periods. The D2 agonist quinpirole (0.04-2.0 mg/kg) caused a dose-dependent decrease in alcohol drinking throughout the 4-h period. Spiperone, a D2 antagonist, had no effect during the initial part of the session, but by the fourth hour, the 10 μg/kg dose tended to increase alcohol intake and the 30 μg/kg dose reduced intake. The D1 antagonist SCH-23390 (3-30 μg/kg) dose-dependently decreased ethanol drinking during the first hour of access. The D1 agonist SKF-38393 (2-6 mg/kg) also decreased alcohol intake, but it was less effective than SCH-23390. The findings implicate both D1 and D2 receptors in the reinforcing effects of alcohol drinking by the HAD line of rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993


  • Dopamine agonists
  • Dopamine antagonists
  • Ethanol reinforcement
  • High-alcohol-drinking (HAD) rats
  • Quinpirole
  • SCH-23390
  • SKF-38393
  • Spiperone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

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