Effects of growth factors on corneal wound healing

G. Schultz, N. Chegini, M. Grant, P. Khaw, S. MacKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Healing of ocular surface wounds is a complex process involving migration, mitosis, and differentiation of epithelial and stromal cells. Endogenously produced peptide growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-α), or transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) may play key roles in the natural wound healing process. Lacrimal gland cells were reported to synthesize and secrete EGF into tear fluid where it may enhance healing of corneal epithelial and stromal injuries by an exocrine pathway. EGF stimulated DNA synthesis of epithelial cells and stromal fibroblasts in culture, stimulated synthesis of fibronectin by epithelial cells and was chemotactic for human epithelial and stromal cells. Human corneal epithelial cells also synthesized TGF-α which may influence epithelial cells by an autocrine pathway. TGF-β, which is a potent inducer of lysyl oxidase mRNA levels in cultures of human scleral fibroblasts, may be the factor most responsible for inducing synthesis of corneal extracellular matrix components after an injury. Treatment of epithelial injuries ocular surface wounds with exogenous peptide growth factors also accelerated healing in rabbits and primates. Treatment of severe ocular surface injuries caused by alkali with a combination of EGF, fibronectin, a synthetic collagenase inhibitor, and Aprotinin significantly blocked ulceration and enhanced epithelial regeneration. Clinical trials of topical treatment of EGF for ocular surface wounds suggest that peptide growth factors may be a valuable adjuvant for treatment of ocular surface wounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume70
Issue numberSUPPL. 202
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Wound Healing
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Transforming Growth Factor alpha
Epidermal Growth Factor
Epithelial Cells
Wounds and Injuries
Stromal Cells
Fibronectins
Peptides
Fibroblasts
Protein-Lysine 6-Oxidase
Eye Injuries
Lacrimal Apparatus
Aprotinin
Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
Alkalies
Tears
Mitosis
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Primates

Keywords

  • Chemotaxis
  • Collagenase
  • Collagenase inhibitors
  • Cornea
  • EGF
  • Epithelium
  • Fibronectin
  • Growth factors
  • Tears
  • TGF-
  • TGF-α
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Schultz, G., Chegini, N., Grant, M., Khaw, P., & MacKay, S. (1992). Effects of growth factors on corneal wound healing. Acta Ophthalmologica, 70(SUPPL. 202), 60-66.

Effects of growth factors on corneal wound healing. / Schultz, G.; Chegini, N.; Grant, M.; Khaw, P.; MacKay, S.

In: Acta Ophthalmologica, Vol. 70, No. SUPPL. 202, 1992, p. 60-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schultz, G, Chegini, N, Grant, M, Khaw, P & MacKay, S 1992, 'Effects of growth factors on corneal wound healing', Acta Ophthalmologica, vol. 70, no. SUPPL. 202, pp. 60-66.
Schultz G, Chegini N, Grant M, Khaw P, MacKay S. Effects of growth factors on corneal wound healing. Acta Ophthalmologica. 1992;70(SUPPL. 202):60-66.
Schultz, G. ; Chegini, N. ; Grant, M. ; Khaw, P. ; MacKay, S. / Effects of growth factors on corneal wound healing. In: Acta Ophthalmologica. 1992 ; Vol. 70, No. SUPPL. 202. pp. 60-66.
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