Effects of human parathyroid hormone (1-34), LY333334, on bone mass, remodeling, and mechanical properties of cortical bone during the first remodeling cycle in rabbits

T. Mashiba, D. B. Burr, C. H. Turner, M. Sato, R. L. Cain, J. M. Hock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously shown that parathyroid hormone (PTH) increases cortical bone mass and mechanical strength of female rabbits after 140 days of treatment. However, cortical porosity was also shown to increase. If cortical porosity increases prior to the change in geometry, there may be a transient decrease in cortical bone strength that could make the bone more susceptible to fracture in the early phase of treatment. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of PTH on the remodeling dynamics and mechanical properties of cortical bone in rabbits, which exhibit haversian remodeling, during the first remodeling cycle after the initiation of treatment. Fifty 9-month-old intact female New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into five groups. A baseline control group was killed at the start of the experiment. The two PTH-treated groups were given human PTH(1-34) at 10 μg/kg daily subcutaneously for 35 (P35) or 70 (P70) days. Two respective age-matched control groups (V35, V70) were injected with vehicle. Histomorphometry of the cortical bone in the tibial midshaft showed that, although intracortical activation frequency was significantly increased by PTH at 35 days, there was no significant increase of cortical porosity in the first remodeling cycle (70 days). Moreover, stimulation of cortical surface bone formation in the treated animals led to significantly greater cortical area and greater bone strength in both P35 and P70. We conclude that, although intracortical remodeling increases within the first remodeling period (70 days) in animals treated with 10 μg/kg PTH, the greater cortical area due to acceleration of bone formation on cortical surfaces increases cortical bone strength. There is no mechanical risk during the first remodeling cycle associated with intermittent PTH treatment in animals with normal bone mass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-547
Number of pages10
JournalBone
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2001

Keywords

  • Bone remodeling
  • Cortical porosity
  • Mechanical property
  • Osteoporosis
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology

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