The purpose of this study was to compare the host-bone response to hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP)-coated and noncoated titanium fibermetal implants placed in a load-sharing cancellous bone environment of the distal femurs of rabbits. The influence of implantation site was also investigated by comparing these intracancellous implants with intramedullary implants evaluated in a previous study. Three parameters were measured: percentage implant perimeter surface length in contact with new bone, percentage internal fibermetal surface length in contact with ingrown bone, and percentage of available pore space filled with bone. The HA/TCP coating significantly accelerated and increased bone ongrowth, new bone formation on the perimeter and internal surface of the implants. This effect was evident as early as 2 weeks after implantation. In contrast, there was no difference between HA/TCP-coated and noncoated implants in the bone ingrowth parameter, percentage of available pore space filled with bone, or pull-out strength. Scanning electron microscopy in the backscatter mode demonstrated that new bone formed directly onto the HA/TCP-coated fibers and did not usually form directly on noncoated fibers. Analysis of fluorochrome labeling revealed that bone formation in weeks 1 through 4 was primarily woven and there-after lamellar. Compared with intramedullary placement, intracancellous placement significantly accelerated the apposition of bone to the perimeter and internal surface of HA/TCP-coated implants and both accelerated and increased bone ingrowth as a percentage of available pore volume. These data show that the host response to titanium fibermetal implants is influenced both by HA/TCP coating and by the implantation site.
- bone ingrowth
- hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine