Effects of manganese deficiency and dietary composition on rat pancreatic enzyme content

L. Werner, M. Korc, P. M. Brannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies show that manganese (Mn) deficiency increases pancreatic amylase content. Pancreatic adaptation to dietary composition also alters enzyme content. The present study investigated whether Mn deficiency alters pancreatic adaptation to diet. Weanling rats that were fed for 6 wk a high carbohydrate (HC) diet with <1 mg Mn/kg diet (Mn deficient) or 40 mg Mn/kg diet (control) were divided into three control and deficient dietary subgroups: 1) HC, 2) high protein (HP) or 3) high fat (HF). Rats were then fed these diets for 10 d. Body weights and food consumption were comparable among the groups. Pancreatic and hepatic Mn contents were significantly lower in Mn-deficient rats than in respective controls. Digestive enzymes adapted to diet in both control and Mn-deficient rats with the greatest amylase, lipase and trypsin activities in HC, HF and HP rats, respectively. Mn deficiency resulted in significantly greater amylase activity in HC and HP groups and lipase activity in only the HF group than in respective controls. These data suggest that Mn participates in the regulation of pancreatic amylase content and in the adaptive response of pancreatic lipase to dietary fat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2079-2085
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume117
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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