Effects of personal characteristics on African-American women's beliefs about breast cancer

Terrell W. Zollinger, Victoria Champion, Patrick Monahan, Susan K. Steele-Moses, Kim W. Ziner, Qianqian Zhao, Sara A. Bourff, Robert M. Saywell, Kathleen M. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study measured the effect of demographic and clinical characteristics on health and cultural beliefs related to mammography. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interviews were conducted during 2003 and 2004 in a Midwestern urban area. Subjects: Subjects were 344 low-income African-American women 40 years and older who had not had mammography within the previous 18 months. Measures: The instrument measured personal characteristics, belief and knowledge scales, and participants' mammography experience and plans. Analysis. Multiple regression analysis assessed the effect of specific demographic and clinical characteristics on each of the scale values and on subjects' stages of readiness to change. Results: The subjects' levels of education significantly affected six of the 12 belief and knowledge scales. Higher-educated women felt less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher selfefficacy, had less fear, had lower fatalism scores, were less likely to be present-time oriented, and were more knowledgeable about breast cancer. Older women felt they were less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher fatalism scores, were more present-time oriented, and were less knowledgeable about breast cancer. Conclusions: The findings suggest that mammography promotion programs for African-Americans should consider the education levels and ages of the target women to be most effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Fingerprint

Mammography
African Americans
cancer
Breast Neoplasms
fatalism
Demography
Education
level of education
cross-sectional study
Fear
regression analysis
urban area
low income
promotion
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis
Interviews
anxiety
American
Health

Keywords

  • African-American
  • Breast cancer screening
  • Health and cultural beliefs
  • Mammography
  • Prevention research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Effects of personal characteristics on African-American women's beliefs about breast cancer. / Zollinger, Terrell W.; Champion, Victoria; Monahan, Patrick; Steele-Moses, Susan K.; Ziner, Kim W.; Zhao, Qianqian; Bourff, Sara A.; Saywell, Robert M.; Russell, Kathleen M.

In: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 24, No. 6, 07.2010, p. 371-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zollinger, TW, Champion, V, Monahan, P, Steele-Moses, SK, Ziner, KW, Zhao, Q, Bourff, SA, Saywell, RM & Russell, KM 2010, 'Effects of personal characteristics on African-American women's beliefs about breast cancer', American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 371-377. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.07031727
Zollinger, Terrell W. ; Champion, Victoria ; Monahan, Patrick ; Steele-Moses, Susan K. ; Ziner, Kim W. ; Zhao, Qianqian ; Bourff, Sara A. ; Saywell, Robert M. ; Russell, Kathleen M. / Effects of personal characteristics on African-American women's beliefs about breast cancer. In: American Journal of Health Promotion. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 371-377.
@article{8ad43f7cad4f40cdb9416eb335348ff5,
title = "Effects of personal characteristics on African-American women's beliefs about breast cancer",
abstract = "Purpose: This study measured the effect of demographic and clinical characteristics on health and cultural beliefs related to mammography. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interviews were conducted during 2003 and 2004 in a Midwestern urban area. Subjects: Subjects were 344 low-income African-American women 40 years and older who had not had mammography within the previous 18 months. Measures: The instrument measured personal characteristics, belief and knowledge scales, and participants' mammography experience and plans. Analysis. Multiple regression analysis assessed the effect of specific demographic and clinical characteristics on each of the scale values and on subjects' stages of readiness to change. Results: The subjects' levels of education significantly affected six of the 12 belief and knowledge scales. Higher-educated women felt less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher selfefficacy, had less fear, had lower fatalism scores, were less likely to be present-time oriented, and were more knowledgeable about breast cancer. Older women felt they were less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher fatalism scores, were more present-time oriented, and were less knowledgeable about breast cancer. Conclusions: The findings suggest that mammography promotion programs for African-Americans should consider the education levels and ages of the target women to be most effective.",
keywords = "African-American, Breast cancer screening, Health and cultural beliefs, Mammography, Prevention research",
author = "Zollinger, {Terrell W.} and Victoria Champion and Patrick Monahan and Steele-Moses, {Susan K.} and Ziner, {Kim W.} and Qianqian Zhao and Bourff, {Sara A.} and Saywell, {Robert M.} and Russell, {Kathleen M.}",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
doi = "10.4278/ajhp.07031727",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "371--377",
journal = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
issn = "0890-1171",
publisher = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of personal characteristics on African-American women's beliefs about breast cancer

AU - Zollinger, Terrell W.

AU - Champion, Victoria

AU - Monahan, Patrick

AU - Steele-Moses, Susan K.

AU - Ziner, Kim W.

AU - Zhao, Qianqian

AU - Bourff, Sara A.

AU - Saywell, Robert M.

AU - Russell, Kathleen M.

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - Purpose: This study measured the effect of demographic and clinical characteristics on health and cultural beliefs related to mammography. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interviews were conducted during 2003 and 2004 in a Midwestern urban area. Subjects: Subjects were 344 low-income African-American women 40 years and older who had not had mammography within the previous 18 months. Measures: The instrument measured personal characteristics, belief and knowledge scales, and participants' mammography experience and plans. Analysis. Multiple regression analysis assessed the effect of specific demographic and clinical characteristics on each of the scale values and on subjects' stages of readiness to change. Results: The subjects' levels of education significantly affected six of the 12 belief and knowledge scales. Higher-educated women felt less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher selfefficacy, had less fear, had lower fatalism scores, were less likely to be present-time oriented, and were more knowledgeable about breast cancer. Older women felt they were less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher fatalism scores, were more present-time oriented, and were less knowledgeable about breast cancer. Conclusions: The findings suggest that mammography promotion programs for African-Americans should consider the education levels and ages of the target women to be most effective.

AB - Purpose: This study measured the effect of demographic and clinical characteristics on health and cultural beliefs related to mammography. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interviews were conducted during 2003 and 2004 in a Midwestern urban area. Subjects: Subjects were 344 low-income African-American women 40 years and older who had not had mammography within the previous 18 months. Measures: The instrument measured personal characteristics, belief and knowledge scales, and participants' mammography experience and plans. Analysis. Multiple regression analysis assessed the effect of specific demographic and clinical characteristics on each of the scale values and on subjects' stages of readiness to change. Results: The subjects' levels of education significantly affected six of the 12 belief and knowledge scales. Higher-educated women felt less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher selfefficacy, had less fear, had lower fatalism scores, were less likely to be present-time oriented, and were more knowledgeable about breast cancer. Older women felt they were less susceptible to breast cancer, had higher fatalism scores, were more present-time oriented, and were less knowledgeable about breast cancer. Conclusions: The findings suggest that mammography promotion programs for African-Americans should consider the education levels and ages of the target women to be most effective.

KW - African-American

KW - Breast cancer screening

KW - Health and cultural beliefs

KW - Mammography

KW - Prevention research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957336072&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957336072&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4278/ajhp.07031727

DO - 10.4278/ajhp.07031727

M3 - Article

C2 - 20594093

AN - SCOPUS:77957336072

VL - 24

SP - 371

EP - 377

JO - American Journal of Health Promotion

JF - American Journal of Health Promotion

SN - 0890-1171

IS - 6

ER -